Betrayal • Deliver up • Hand Over
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Betray; Betrayer; Deliver (Up)
Betray; Betrayer; Deliver (Up) [Heb. rāmâ (1 Ch. 12:17), mirmâ (Prov. 14:25), gālâ (Isa. 16:3), māḵar (Neh. 3:4); Gk. paradídōmi, prodótēs (Acts 7:52), poiéō dḗlon—‘make clear’ (Mt. 26:73)]; AV also BEWRAY (Isa. 16:3; Mt. 26:73), DECEITFUL (Prov. 14:25), SELL (Nah. 3:4); NEB also FALSE
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
BETRAY. The underlying Gr. words mean “to deliver over.” This is precisely what Judas did in betraying Christ (Mt 26:14–16, 47–50; Mk 14:10–11, 43–46; Lk 22:3–6, 47–48; Jn 18:3–5), which accounts for most occurrences of the word in the KJV. The hideousness of betrayal is made more poignant by the Lord’s
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
BETRAY (Gk. paradidōmi, “to give into the hands” of another). The term used of the act of Judas in delivering up our Lord to the Jews (Matt. 26:16; Mark 14:10; Luke 22:4, 6).
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Betray, Betrayal
Betray, BetrayalBetrayal is the stuff of which dramas are made. The Bible has its share of such stories, including Delilah’s betrayal of Samson’s secret (Judg 16) and Judas’s betrayal of Jesus (Mt 26:48–50). Such actions are not given simple pejorative labels, however, as they might have been in modern
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BETRAY<be-tra’> (רָמָה‎ [ramah]; [παραδίδωμι, paradidomi]): In the Old Testament only once (1 Chronicles 12:17). David warns those who had deserted to him from Saul: “If ye be come to betray me to mine adversaries .... the God of our fathers look thereon.” The same Hebrew word is elsewhere translated
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
BETRAYALThe Gr. verb for betray’ is παραδιδόναι. ταράδοσις never occurs in the sense of ‘betrayal’ in the NT; in the Gospels it is used of ‘the tradition of the elders’ (Mt 15:2, 3, 6 = Mk 7:3, 5, 8, 9, 13), by St. Paul also of the Christian tradition (1 Co 11:2, 2 Th 2:15, 3:6). τροδοτης, ‘traitor,’
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
BETRAY, bē̇-trāʹ (רָמָה‎, rāmāh; παραδίδωμι, paradídômi): In the OT only once (1 Ch 12:17). David warns those who had deserted to him from Saul: “If ye be come to betray me to mine adversaries … the God of our fathers look thereon.” The same Heb word is elsewhere trd “beguile” (Gen 29:25; Josh 9:22),
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BETRAYAL. To abuse the trust of someone through deceit, subterfuge, cheating, or the changing of one’s loyalty from one person to another, such as marital infidelity or other forms of treachery that take advantage of trust.Several Hebrew and Greek words express this concept. The Hebrew ramah (רָמָה‎)
Key passages
Mt 26:14–16

Then one of the twelve, the one named Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, “What are you willing to give me if I in turn deliver him to you?” So they set out for him thirty silver coins. And from that time on, he began seeking a favorable opportunity …

Mt 26:20–25

And when it was evening, he was reclining at table with the twelve disciples. And while they were eating he said, “Truly I say to you, that one of you will betray me.” And greatly distressed, each one began to say to him, “Surely I am not he, am I, Lord?” And he answered and said, …

Mt 26:45–46

Then he came to the disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Behold, the hour is near, and the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners. Get up, let us go! Behold, the one who is betraying me is approaching!”

Mt 26:48–50

Now the one who was betraying him had given them a sign, saying, “The one whom I kiss—he is the one. Arrest him!” And he came up to Jesus immediately and said, “Greetings, Rabbi,” and kissed him. And Jesus said to him, “Friend, do that for which you have come.” Then they came up and …

Mt 27:4

saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood!” But they said, “What is that to us? You see to it!”

See also