Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Residents of Bethlehem of Judah (1 Sam 16:1, 18; 17:58; 2 Sam 21:19). The children or sons of Bethlehem are referred to in Ezra 2:21 and Neh 7:26. Jesse (1 Sam 16:1, 18; 17:58) and Elhanan (2 Sam 21:19) are called Bethlehemites.
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Bethlehemites. The name of several orders of religious. *Matthew Paris attests the existence at Cambridge of a military order dedicated to Our Lady of Bethlehem in 1257. Two centuries later *Pius II founded a military order, dedicated to the ‘Blessed Virgin Mary of Bethlehem’, for the defence of the
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bethlehemites. Matthew Paris speaks of some “fraters Bethleemitæ” to whom a house was granted at Cambridge, on the way leading to Trumpington, in 1257; their habit, he says, was like that of the Friars Preachers, with the addition of a red and blue star on the breast. Of this foundation nothing further
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Beth′lemenites (4 syl.). Followers of John Huss, so called because he used to preach in the church called Bethlehem of Prague.