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Bethlehem (of Judah)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Bethlehem of Judah
Bethlehem of Judah (בֵּית לֶחֶם‎, beith lechem). A town in the hill country of Judah significant as the burial site of the matriarch Rachel (Gen 35:19), as the hometown of King David (1 Sam 20:6; Luke 2:4), and as the birthplace of Jesus (Matt 2:1).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Bethlehem (Place)
BETHLEHEM (PLACE) [Heb bêt-leḥem (בֵּית־לֶחֶם)]. The name of two places mentioned in the Bible.A. Bethlehem of Judah1. Site2. Name3. Demography4. Bethlehem in Israelite History5. Bethlehem in Postbiblical TimesB. Bethlehem of ZebulunA. Bethlehem of Judah1. Site. Bethlehem of Judah is located
Ephrathah (Place)
EPHRATHAH (PLACE) [Heb ʾeprātâ (אֶפְרָתָה)]. Var. EPHRATH. EPHRATHITES. Area inhabited by the Judahite clan of the same name (Gen 35:16, 19; 48:7). The gentilic form, Ephrathite(s), in 1 Sam 17:12 and Ruth 1:2 (cf. 4:17) refers to the extended family of David from the village of Bethlehem in Judah,
Lehem (Place)
LEHEM (PLACE) [Heb leḥem (לֶחֶם)]. A possible place name somewhere in the territory of the tribe of Judah, and is so rendered by the RSV (1 Chr 4:22). However, no such place has been identified. The name appears in a recorded event concerning two Judahites, Joash and Saraph, who had returned to Judah
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Bethlehem
Bethlehem. 1. “City of David” and the birthplace of Jesus Christ, five miles south of Jerusalem. This city is sometimes called Bethlehem-judah (kjv) or Ephrath (Gn 35:19; Mi 5:2) to distinguish it from the Bethlehem of Zebulun.The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.As an early Canaanite settlement
Ephrath, Ephrathah, Ephratah (Place)
Ephrath, Ephrathah, Ephratah (Place). 1. Town in the Judean hill country later named Bethlehem. It was on the road to Ephrath (also spelled Ephrathah, kjv Ephratah) that Rachel died while giving birth to Benjamin (Gn 35:16, 19). This town was the home of Naomi’s family, who identified themselves as Ephrathites
Jashubi-lehem
Jashubi-lehem. kjv translation of a Hebrew phrase (in 1 Chr 4:22) probably meaning “returned to Lehem,” as in rsv.See Lehem.
Lehem
Lehem. Obscure Hebrew term in 1 Chronicles 4:22. Following the Hebrew, some understand Jashubi-lehem as a descendant of Judah (kjv) or a place where Joash and Saraph ruled (niv). Others, changing the Hebrew slightly, translate “returned to Lehem” (rsv), meaning either Bethlehem or some unknown place.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bethlehem
Bethlehem bethʹlə-hem [Heb. bêṯ leḥem—‘house of bread’ or possibly ‘house of Lakhmu,’ an Assyrian deity; Gk. A, NT, Bēthleem, B Baithleem; Josephus Bēthleemōn, Bēthleemēs, etc.].1. Bethlehem-judah, or Ephrath or Ephrathah, a town located on the edge of the desert of Judah, 5 mi (8 km) S of
Ephrathah
Ephrathah ef’ra-tha, ef-răʹtha [Heb. ʾep̱rṯâ; Gk. Ephratha]; AV EPHRATAH. The place of Benjamin’s birth and Rachel’s death (Gen. 35:16–20), the name either of Bethlehem itself or of a district in which Bethlehem was located. The designer of the mosaic Madeba Map has separated Ephrathah from Bethlehem;
Jashubi-Lehem
Jashubi-Lehem jə-shoo̅ʹbī-lēʹhem [Heb. yāšuḇî-leḥem]. A name in 1 Ch. 4:22 read as such by AV, but changed in the RSV to “and returned to Lehem,” based upon a slight difference in the pointing of the first word. The NEB, following some commentators, inserted bêṯ between the two words and rendered
Lehem
Lehem lēʹhəm [Heb. lāḥem (pausal form)] (1 Ch. 4:22). The RSV translates the AV Jashubi-lehem as “returned to Lehem.” No such place is known. The NEB and many commentators emend to read “returned to Bethlehem.” A less drastic emendation, following the Gk. apéstrepsen autoús, would be Heb. wayyāšuḇû
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Bethlehem
BETHLEHEM1. “City of David” and the birthplace of Jesus Christ, five miles (8 kilometers) south of Jerusalem. This city is sometimes called Bethlehem-judah (kjv) or Ephrath (Gn 35:19; Mi 5:2) to distinguish it from the Bethlehem of Zebulun. As an early Canaanite settlement, it was associated with the
Ephrath (Place)
EPHRATH (Place)1. Town in the Judean hill country later named Bethlehem. It was on the road to Ephrath that Rachel died while giving birth to Benjamin (Gn 35:16–19). This town was the home of Naomi’s family, who identified themselves as Ephrathites (Ru 1:2). Ephrath was the dwelling place of Ruth and
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Bethlehem
Bethlehem (beth´li-hem; Heb. bet lekhem, “house of bread”).1 A small town of over twenty thousand inhabitants, about three miles southwest of Jerusalem. At an elevation of 2,460 feet above sea level, Bethlehem sits along the north-south ridge road of the central highlands. It looks westward to the fertile
Ephrath
Ephrath (ef´rath).1 The place where Rachel was buried, after she died while giving birth to Benjamin (Gen. 35:16, 19). It is identified in Genesis as Bethlehem (35:19; 48:7), but there could be a confusion of Ephrath and Ephrathah, which is associated with Bethlehem in Ruth 4:11 and Mic. 5:1. Elsewhere,
Ephrathah
Ephrathah (ef´ruh-thuh; Heb., “fertility”).1 The wife of Caleb, a descendant of Judah; the mother of Hur, the ancestor of Bethlehem, Kiriath-jearim, and Beth-gader (1 Chron. 2:50; 4:4). She is also called Ephrath (1 Chron. 2:19).2 Another name for Bethlehem or the area immediately surrounding it (Ruth
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Bethlehem
Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem. HFVBETHLEHEM (“house of bread”). A name used 40 times in the OT and eight times in the NT.1. A place in Zebulun’s territory seven miles NW of Nazareth (Josh 19:15). It is suggested by some that Ibzan, one of the judges, came from this Bethlehem in the N (Jdg 12:8).
Ephratah
The Shepherd’s Field with Bethlehem in the distance. HFVEPHRATAH, or EPHRATH1. Ephrath is the ancient name of Bethlehem (Gen 35:16, 19; 48:7). Ruth 4:11 and Mic 5:2 seem to imply that Ephratah was a district in which Bethlehem was situated. Although the spelling differs they refer to the same area.
Jashubi-Lehem
JASHUBI-LEHEM. A member of the family of Shelah and of the tribe of Judah (1 Chr 4:22). The RSV rendering is “returned to Lehem.”
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Bethlehem
BETHLEHEM (Heb. bêṯ leḥem, ‘house of bread’, the latter word probably in the wider sense, ‘food’). It has been suggested that the final word leḥem is Lakhmu, an Assyrian deity; but there is no evidence that this god was ever revered in Palestine. There are two towns of the name in the OT, both today
Ephrath, Ephrathah
EPHRATH, EPHRATHAH. 1. The ancient name of *Bethlehem Judah, which occurs in all cases but one (Gn. 48:7 ’ep̱rāṯ) in the form ’ep̱rāṯâ. Rachel was buried on the route there from Bethel (Gn. 35:16, 19; 48:7; cf. 1 Sa. 10:2); it was the home of Naomi’s family (Ru. 4:11), who are described as Ephrathites
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bethlehem
Bethlehem (Heb. bêṯ leḥem, bêṯ halaḥmɩ̂; Gk. Bēthleém)A city name originally derived from Heb. “bayiṯ, “house,” denoting a cultic site, and the name of a pair of ancient Mesopotamian agricultural deities, Lahmu and Lahamu, listed early in the cosmogony of the Enuma Elish.1. A village in the
Ephrath (Place)
Ephrath (Heb. ʾep̱rāṯ) (PLACE)1. A city near which Rachel died giving birth to Benjamin (Gen. 35:16), Ephrathah in southern Benjamin (1 Sam. 10:2; Jer. 31:15).2. The place where Rachel was buried (Gen. 35:19; 48:7), generally identified with Bethlehem/Ephrathah (Ruth 4:11; Mic. 5:1).
Ephrathah (Place)
Ephrathah (Heb. ʾep̱rāṯâ) (PLACE)A place name used in reference to Bethlehem and the surrounding region (Ruth 4:11; Mic. 5:2). Jesse, the father of David, is called an Ephrathite of Bethlehem (1 Sam. 17:12), as are Naomi, her husband, and their sons (Ruth 1:2). The LXX includes Ephrathah in the list
Jashubi-Lehem
Jashubi-Lehem (Heb. yāšuḇɩ̂ leḥem)Traditionally interpreted as a place name mentioned in relation to the sons of Shelah (1 Chr. 4:22). The text is probably to be emended to read “but returned to Lehem” (cf. Vulg., LXX, Tg.).Christian M. M. Brady
Lehem
Lehem (Heb. leḥem)An obscure Hebrew form found in 1 Chr. 4:22, possibly an unknown place (so NRSV) ruled by Joash and Saraph. Some versions regard Lehem as a shortened form of Bethlehem (e.g., NJB, REB) or read MT “Jashubi-lahem” as a personal name (cf. NRSV mg). Another possibility is to translate
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ephrathah (Place)
EPHRATHAH [efˊrə thə] (Heb. ˒ep̱rāṯâ) (PLACE).† A city near which Rachel died giving birth to Benjamin (Gen. 35:16, 19 “Ephrath”). It is traditionally identified with Bethlehem (cf. 48:7; Mic. 5:2; KJV “Ephratah”; cf. Ruth 4:11), 8 km. (5 mi.) south of Jerusalem, although originally
Jashubi-Lehem
Jashubi-Lehem [jə shōōˊbī lēˊhĕm] (Heb. yāšuḇîleḥem).† According to the KJV, a descendant of Shelah the Judahite (1 Chr. 4:22). The NIV and NJV read Jashubi Lehem as a place name; the RSV does similarly, translating “and returned to Lehem” (cf. JB, “Bethlehem”). The NJV links
Lehem
Lehem [lēˊhĕm] (Heb. leḥem).* A possible place name at 1 Chr. 4:22 (RSV). Heb. weyāšuḇî lāḥem is difficult, perhaps because the text derives from ancient records, and a number of translational and emendational possibilities exist. The KJV and NIV take the words as a personal name,
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Bethlehem
BETHLEHEM a) A city in the territory of Judah, 6 miles south of Jerusalem, possibly mentioned in the El Amarna letters. In the Bible it appears first in connection with Rachel’s death and her burial ‘in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem’ (Gen. 35:19). It was also the scene of the story of Ruth (Ruth
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Bethlehem
BETHLEHEM (Hebrew, “house of bread”) The name of two towns in Palestine.1. Bethlehem of Judah was a village about five miles south of Jerusalem, on the southbound road to Hebron (Judg 19:9). It is also identified with Ephrath, the birthplace of Benjamin and the burial place of Rachel (Gen 35:16–20).
Ephrath
EPHRATH, EPHRATHAH1. The wife of Hezron and later his son Caleb (1 Chr 2:19; 4:4) and hence the mother of Hur and Ashbur (1 Chr 2:24). On the basis of the genealogical lists in 1 Chronicles, the families of David and Elimelech were called Ephrathites (cf. Ruth 1:2; 1 Sam 17:12), and the clan was considered
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