Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Northwestern Semitic deity mentioned rarely in the Old Testament, but frequently in the Aramaic Elephantine papyri.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
BETHEL (DEITY) [Heb bêtʾēl (בֵּיתְאֵל)]. A NW Semitic deity whose presence in the Near East may be traced for more than a millennium, with its greatest attestation in the military colony of Syene-Elephantine in Egypt during the 6th and 5th centuries b.c. See ELEPHANTINE PAPYRI. The divine Bethel may
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bethel (deity) A West Semitic god, originating perhaps among the Phoenicians or Arameans, current from the time of Esarhaddon of Assyria (7th cent. b.c.) until Darius II of Babylon (5th cent. b.c.). The name is also seen as part of some Jewish personal names from Elephantine, and in the documents from
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bethel (Heb. bêṯ-ʾēl) (DEITY)A deity attested for the first time in a 7th-century b.c.e. treaty of Esarhaddon, though certainly venerated in earlier periods. Despite many possibilities, few references to this god in the Bible have been convincing. The most likely are the textually corrupt Zech. 7:2,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
BETHEL [bĕthˊəl] [Heb. bêṯ-˒ēl “house of God”] (DEITY). A West Semitic deity, perhaps of Phoenician or Aramean origin, attested in Ugaritic and Phoenician literature and in inscriptions from the time of Esarhaddon (seventh century B.C.) to that of Darius II (fifth century). According to the Elephantine
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Bethel (deity) beth′uhl (בֵּית־אֵל H1078, “house of God”). A W Semitic deity attested in the onomasticon of the Aramaic papyri from Elephantine and in Neo-Babylonian cuneiform texts by some 15 different names. A probable biblical reference is Jer. 48:13, where Bethel stands in parallelism with Chemosh.
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Bethel [beth-el]: a Semitic deity, originally a personification of the temple of El, the earliest god of Semitic henotheism; as a city name, it meant “House of El”; in some passages it is difficult to tell whether it refers to a deity or a place; sometimes used as a name for Yahweh (Jer. 48:13)
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BETHEL, DEITY beth´uhl [בֵּית־אֵל beth-ʾel]. A West Semitic deity attested first in 7th cent. bce treaty texts, mentioning the god Bayt ʾil with ʿAnat-Bayt ʾil (SAA II, text 5, col. Iv, line 6; text 6, line 467), a consort or hypostasis of Bayt-ʾil. The god appears in Elephantine documents and as a divine