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Beth-shemesh (of Judah)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A city whose name means “house/temple of the sun” (referring to the Canaanite sun god Shamash). It was located in the Valley of Sorek on the northern border of the territory of Judah (Josh 15:10). It is called Ir-shemesh in Josh 19:41, where it is listed as part of the southern border of the territory of Dan. It was one of the Levitical cities of Judah (Josh 21:16; 1 Chr 6:59).In 1 Samuel 6, the Philistines tried to rid themselves of the ark of the covenant by sending it to Beth-Shemesh. Later, the city was included in Solomon’s second administrative district (1 Kgs 4:9). In the eighth century bc, King Amaziah of Judah and King Jehoash of Israel fought a battle at Beth-Shemesh, which Jehoash won (2 Kgs 14:11–13; 2 Chr 25:21–23). Less than 100 years later, the Philistines captured Beth-Shemesh during the reign of Ahaz (2 Chr 28:18).The ruins of the ancient city have been excavated at Tell er-Rumeileh, and the ancient name was partially preserved in the name of the nearby village of ‘Ain Shems.Elliot Ritzema
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shemesh of Judah
Beth-Shemesh of Judah (בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ‎, beith shemesh). A city whose name means “house/temple of the sun” (referring to the Canaanite sun god Shamash). It was located in the Valley of Sorek on the northern border of the territory of Judah (Josh 15:10). It is called Ir-shemesh in Josh 19:41, where it is
Har-Heres
Har-Heres (הַר־חֶרֶס‎, har-cheres). A mountain where the Amorites continued to live after the conquest; the Israelites subjected them to slavery here (Judg 1:35).
Ir-Shemesh
Ir-Shemesh (עִיר שֶׁמֶשׁ‎, ir shemesh). A name for Beth-Shemesh of Judah used in in Josh 19:41.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shemesh (Place)
BETH-SHEMESH (PLACE) [Heb bêt šemeš (בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ‎), ʿı̂r šemeš (עִיר שֶׁמֶשׁ)]. The RSV has three towns with this name and the Heb MT has another.1. A town located in the NE Shephelah (M.R. 147128) in the Valley of Sorek and which played a small but significant role in Israel’s history. It was
Har-Heres (Place)
HAR-HERES (PLACE) [Heb har-ḥeres (הַר־חֶרֶס)]. The toponym Har-heres, which means “scurfy mountain(s),” appears in the OT only in Judg 1:35. It was the name of a mountain range on the E or SE edge of the valley of Aijalon (cf. Josh 10:12), in the transition zone between the mountains and the hill country.
Ir-Shemesh (Place)
IR-SHEMESH (PLACE) [Heb ʿı̂r šemeš (עִיר שֶׁמֶשׁ)]. A town in the territory of Dan (Josh 19:41), which is also known as BETH-SHEMESH (M.R. 147128). The name of the site means “city of the sun.”Raphael Greenberg
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Beth-shemesh
Beth-shemesh. 1. Canaanite city on the northern border of Judah’s territory (Jos 15:10) and the southern border of Dan’s (before that tribe migrated north). Beth-shemesh means “the house (or temple) of Shamash,” the Canaanite sun god. As Ir-shemesh it was included in the list of cities of Dan (19:41).
Har-heres
Har-heres. Mountain in Aijalon of Dan’s territory (Jgs 1:35).See Heres #1.
Heres
Heres. 1. Region from which the Amorites were not expelled by the Israelites, known as Mt Heres (Jgs 1:34, 35, rsv Har-heres). In Joshua 19:41, 42 Mt Heres is synonymous with the town of Ir-shemesh (Beth-shemesh).2. Ascent of Heres (Jgs 8:13 rsv; kjv before the sun was up). Though the text and the exact
Ir-shemesh
Ir-shemesh. City allotted to Dan’s tribe for an inheritance (Jos 19:41), probably identical with Beth-shemesh.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Beth-Shemesh (of Judah)
1. Judean Beth-shemesh was located on the northern border of the tribal allotment of Judah, named between Mt. Jearim (Chesalon) and Timnah in Josh. 15:10. If Beth-shemesh is to be equated with Ir-shemesh, it was originally allocated to Dan (Josh. 19:41), but was later considered to belong to Judah (2
Beth-Shemesh
Beth-Shemesh beth-shemʹish [Heb. bêṯ šemeš—‘house of (the solar deity) Shemesh,’ rather than ‘house of the sun,’ which would require haš-šemeš].The name of four places mentioned in the OT, principally Beth-shemesh in Judah.
Heres
Heres hēʹrēz, hēʹres.1. [Heb. har-ḥeres—‘mountain of the sun’] (Jgs. 1:35); RSV HAR-HERES. A place from which the Danites failed to expel the Amorites. It is here associated with Aijalon and Shaalbim, which in Josh. 19:41 (Shaalabin) are associated with Ir-shemesh. Since ḥeres is a rare Hebrew
Ir-Shemesh
Ir-Shemesh ir-sheʹməsh [Heb. ʿîr-šemeš—‘city of the sun’] (Josh. 19:41). A city originally allocated to Dan but later designated as a city of Judah (2 K. 14:11). See Bethshemesh.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH1. Canaanite city on the northern border of Judah’s territory (Jos 15:10) and the southern border of Dan’s (before that tribe migrated north). Beth-shemesh means “the house of Shamash,” the Canaanite sun god. As Ir-shemesh, it was included in the list of cities of Dan (19:41). Beth-shemesh
Har-Heres
HAR-HERES* Mountain in Aijalon of Dan’s territory (Jgs 1:35). See Heres #1.
Heres
HERES1. Region from which the Amorites were not expelled by the Israelites, known as Mt Heres (Jgs 1:34–35, rsv “Har-heres”). In Joshua 19:41–42, Mt Heres is synonymous with the town of Ir-shemesh (Beth-shemesh).2. Ascent of Heres (Jgs 8:13, rsv; nlt “Heres Pass”). Though the text and the exact nature
Ir-Shemesh
IR-SHEMESH City allotted to Dan’s tribe for an inheritance (Jos 19:41), probably identical with Beth-shemesh.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Beth-Shemesh
Beth-shemesh (beth-sheh´mish; Heb., “house of sun”), the name of four cities that appear to have been centers for a sun cult.1 A city in the Valley of Sorek, sixteen miles southwest of Jerusalem, modern Tell er-Rumeileh (Ain Shems), on the highway to Ashdod and the Mediterranean. The city was established
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH. The name Beth-shemesh means “house of the sun (god),” reflecting the fact that the pre-Israelite Canaanites had shrines to many deities in the land of Canaan. Many of these names continued into Israelite times. At least four places named Beth-shemesh are mentioned in the OT.1. A town in
Heres
HERES. 1. Mount Heres was a mountain from which the tribe of Dan could not expel the Amorites (Jdg 1:35). It was probably on the boundary between Judah and Dan.2. In Jdg 8:13 the RSV mentions Gideon’s return from battle “by the ascent of Heres,” but the KJV renders the passage as “before the sun was
Ir-Shemesh
IR-SHEMESH. A city of Dan, apparently the same as Beth-shemesh q.v. and connected with Mount Heres (Josh 19:41).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH (Heb. bêṯ šemeš, ‘house (temple) of the sun’), a name applied to 4 places in the Bible.1. An important city of Judah (2 Ki. 14:11; 2 Ch. 25:21) on its N border with Dan (Jos. 15:10), situated in a W-facing valley of the hill-country some 24 km W of Jerusalem and consequently commanding
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Beth-Shemesh
Beth-Shemesh (Heb. bêṯ šemeš)1. A city (lit., “house of the sun”) occupying a small rise near the juncture of the Sorek Valley and the fosse along the western base of the hill country formed by the Wadi Ghurab and Wadi en-Najil. The city was apportioned to the tribe of Dan, but never conquered and
Har-Heres
Har-Heres (Heb. har-ḥeres)An area retained by the Amorites against the tribe of Dan (Judg. 1:35). Mentioned with the villages Aijalon and Shaalbim, Har-heres has sometimes been understood as a village, perhaps the same place as the Ir-shemesh in the territory allotted to Dan (Josh. 19:41) or the Beth-shemesh
Ir-Shemesh
Ir-Shemesh (Heb. ʿɩ̂r-šemeš) (also BETH-SHEMESH)A Canaanite city (“city of the sun”) allocated to the tribe of Dan (Josh. 19:41); probably the same as Har-heres, which the Danites were unable to conquer (8:35). Called elsewhere Beth-shemesh (1), the site has been identified as Tell er-Rumeileh (1477.1286).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shemesh
Beth-Shemesh [bĕth shĕmˊĭsh] (Heb. bêṯ šemeš “house of [the sun-god] Shemesh”).
Har-Heres
Har-Heres [här hĭrˊĭz] (Heb. har-ḥeres “mountain of the sun”). A place in the tribal territory of Dan, but which the Danites were unable to take from the Amorites (Judg. 1:35; KJV, NIV “mount Heres”). It is thought to be the same as Ir-shemesh (“city of the sun,” probably Beth-shemesh [Tell
Ir-Shemesh
Ir-Shemesh [ĭr shĕmˊĭsh] (Heb. ˓îr-šemeš “city of the sun”).† A Canaanite city allocated to the tribe of Dan (Josh. 19:41); probably the same as Har-heres, which the Danites were unable to conquer (1:35). Called elsewhere Beth-shemesh (1), the site has been identified as Tell er-Rumeileh.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH A town on the border of the territory of Judah, in the northeastern part of the Plain (Josh. 15:10). As Ir-Shemesh it is included among the cities of Dan (Josh. 19:41), and it is listed elsewhere as one of the cities of Judah that was given to the Levites (Josh. 21:16). It is also identified
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH (Hebrew, “house of the sun”) The name of three towns in Palestine.1. A town on the border between Judah and Dan (Josh 15:10), perhaps the same location as Ir-shemesh (Josh 19:41) in the territory of Dan. It was also a Levitical city (Josh 21:16; 1 Chr 6:59), but its chief fame was as the
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