Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A city assigned to the tribe of Benjamin (Josh 7:2; 18:12; 1 Sam 13:5; 14:23). The city should not be confused with the same term in Hos 4:15, 5:8 and 10:5, where it is used as a pejorative for Bethel and means “house of wickedness” or “house of idolatry.”
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
AVEN (PLACE) [Heb ʾāwen (אָוֶן)]. A Hebrew word meaning “idolatry,” “iniquity,” or “nothingness” used by the OT prophets as a derogatory substitute or wordplay in certain place names. Since the Hebrew words ʾôn (“power” or “riches”) and ʾāwen have identical consonants, Aven may be a derisive pun.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Beth-aven. 1. Town in Benjamin’s territory, located west of Michmash on the border of the wilderness, near Ai, to the east of Bethel (Jos 7:2; 18:12; 1 Sm 13:5; 14:23).2. Term used by Hosea contemptuously to refer to Bethel, an ancient center of worship, because the “House of God” (Bethel) had become
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
BETH-AVEN. A town in the territory of Benjamin, near Ai, E of Beth-el (Josh 7:2), W of Michmash (1 Sam 13:5; cf. 14:23), and on the border of a wilderness (Josh 18:12). This name, meaning “house of wickedness,” was given in contempt to Beth-el by Hosea after it had become a seat of idolatry and corrupt
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Aven (Heb. ʾāwen)1. An abbreviation of Beth-aven, the pejorative nickname (“House of Wickedness”) of the town and sanctuary of Bethel (“House of God”; Hos. 10:8; cf. Jer. 4:15). Amos first coined the derogatory pun (Amos 5:5), and Hosea embraced it (Hos. 4:15; 10:5).2. A derisive epithet for an Aramaean
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Beth-a´ven (house of nothingness, i.e., of idols), a place on the mountains of Benjamin, east of Bethel, Josh. 7:2; 18:12, and lying between that place and Michmash. 1 Sam. 13:5; 14:23. In Hosea 4:15; 5:8; 10:5, the name is transferred to the neighboring Bethel,—once the “house of God,” but then the