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Beth-arbel
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A city mentioned only in Hos 10:14 as a place destroyed by an otherwise unknown person named Shalman. It may be identified with the modern city of Irbid in Jordan, a city in the Transjordan just east of the Jordan River and southeast of the Sea of Galilee. Alternatively, Beth-Arbel may be the Arbela located in the region of Galilee (1 Maccabees 9:2; Josephus, Antiquities, 12.421).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Beth-Arbel
Beth-Arbel (בֵּית אַֽרְבֵאל‎, beith arevel). A city mentioned only in Hos 10:14 as a place destroyed by an otherwise unknown person named Shalman. It may be identified with the modern city of Irbid in Jordan, a city in the Transjordan just east of the Jordan River and southeast of the Sea of Galilee.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Beth-Arbel (Place)
BETH-ARBEL (PLACE) [Heb bêt ʾarbēʾl (בֵּית אַרְבֵּאל)]. A town razed by Shalman (Hos 10:14). Its defeat must have been particularly brutal (cf. Hos 10:14b) and well known. The prophet Hosea cites Beth-Arbel as an example of the massive destruction facing Israel.Both Beth-Arbel and Shalman are mentioned
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Beth-arbel
Beth-arbel. Town whose violent destruction at the hands of the Assyrians was compared by the prophet Hosea to Ephraim’s forthcoming destruction (Hos 10:14). Beth-arbel is most commonly identified with present-day Irbid in Gilead, located at an important crossroads in northern Transjordan.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Beth-Arbel
Beth-Arbel beth-ärʹbəl [Heb. bēṯ’arbē’l]. A place mentioned by Hosea—“as Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel” (Hos. 10:14)—identified in Eusebius Onom 14.18 as Arbela in the region of Pella in Transjordan, and now generally as Irbid (Irbil), 20 mi (32 km) NW of’Ammân. It is useless to speculate upon the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Beth-Arbel
BETH-ARBEL Town whose violent destruction at the hands of the Assyrians was compared by the prophet Hosea to Ephraim’s forthcoming destruction (Hos 10:14). Beth-arbel is most commonly identified with present-day Irbid in Gilead, located at an important crossroads in northern Transjordan.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Beth-Arbel
BETH-ARBEL. A place mentioned as having been plundered by Shalman (Hos 10:14). Some have identified Beth-arbel with Arbela of Galilee (Jos. Ant. xii. 11.1; xiv.15.4), modern Irbid in the hills W of the Sea of Galilee. However, it is more likely that Eusebius was correct in identifying it with Irbid in
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Beth-Arbel
BETH-ARBEL. A city described (Ho. 10:14) as having been destroyed by *Shalman in the ‘day of battle’. The name is known only from this reference, so that the common identification with modern Irbid, probably the Arbela of Eusebius, some 30 km SE of the Sea of Galilee, remains uncertain.Bibliography.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Beth-Arbel
Beth-Arbel (Heb. bêṯ ʾarbēʾl)A city whose location remains unknown. It is commonly associated with Arbela of Transjordan (modern Irbid), although another Arbela exists W of the Sea of Galilee (1 Macc. 9:2). Hosea cites Shalman’s destruction of Beth-arbel to illustrate what awaited Israel (Hos. 10:14–15).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Beth-Arbel
Beth-Arbel [bĕth ärˊbəl] (Heb. bēṯ ˒arbē˒l). A place destroyed by Shalman (Hos. 10:14). According to Eusebius (Onom. xiv.18) it lay in Transjordan, in the region of Pella, which would be modern Irbid, 32 km. (20 mi.) northwest of Amman. There is, however, also a Khirbet Irbid in Gilead.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Beth-arbel
Beth-ar´bel (house of God’s court), named only in Hosea 10:14, as the scene of a sack and massacre by Shalman.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Beth-Arbel
BETH-AR´BEL (beth-arʹbel; “house of Arbel”). In Hos. 10:14 we read of Ephraim, “All your fortresses will be destroyed,/As Shalman [which see] destroyed Beth-arbel in the day of battle.” “Beth-arbel is hardly the Arbela of Assyria—which became celebrated through the victory of Alexander—since the Israelites
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Beth-Arbel
Beth-Arbelhouse of God’s court, a place alluded to by Hosea (10:14) as the scene of some great military exploit, but not otherwise mentioned in Scripture. The Shalman here named was probably Shalmaneser, the king of Assyria (2 Kings 17:3).
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