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Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also rendered Beth-Zatha; the pool in Jerusalem where Jesus healed a man who had been an invalid for 38 years (John 5:2). Some early manuscripts of John 5:2 read “Bethsaida,” but the majority of later manuscripts read “Bethesda” (e.g., ESV, NASB, NIV, NJB).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
BETH-ZATHA (PLACE) [Gk Bēthzatha (Βηθζαθα)]. This pool of Jerusalem is mentioned only in John 5:2 as “a pool, in Hebrew called Bethzatha, which has five porticoes.” The name is “Bethsaida” (Gk bēthsaı̈da, house of the fisherman) in the KJV. This reading appears in Papyrus Bodmer (P66 and P75), Codex
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Beth-zatha. Pool in Jerusalem. The name is generally believed to mean “house of Olives,” occurring only in John 5:2. In many translations this is a variant given in the margin for Bethesda. Bethesda is an Aramaic word transliterated into Greek and is the name of a pool in Jerusalem in Jesus’ day which
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bethesda bə-thezʹdə [Gk. Bēthesda, prob < Aram bêṯḥisdā’—‘house of mercy’; Gk. variants Bēth-zatha and Bēthsaida have strong MS support]; RSV BETH-ZATHA.A pool in Jerusalem, mentioned in the NT only in Jn. 5:2 in the account of Jesus’ healing by a word a man who had been sick for thirty-eight
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
BETHESDA Name of a pool in Jerusalem to which many sick and infirm people came (Jn 5:2). Bethesda is an Aramaic word transliterated into Greek and is the name of a pool in Jerusalem in Jesus’ day that was surrounded by five porches or colonnades that gave an arcadelike walkway around the pool. Located
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Bethzatha (beth-zay´thuh; Heb., “house of olives”), a name appearing only in John 5:2 (nrsv; some manuscripts, and thus some English Bibles, read Bethesda [“house of mercy”] or Bethsaida [“house of the fisherman”]. It and its variations all refer to a pool (or twin pools) just north of the temple in
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
BETHESDA. The name of a pool with five porticoes mentioned only in Jn 5:2 where the afflicted came for healing when the waters were troubled. Here Jesus healed the man who had been unable to walk for 38 years. In 1888, N of the temple area in Jerusalem, K. Schick uncovered the outlines of a large double
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
BETHESDA, BETHZATHA In the TR, the name of a Jerusalem pool (Jn. 5:2), near the Sheep Gate; but there is textual uncertainty about the name itself and about its application. Various names occur in different mss; many scholars take ‘Bethzatha’ (so rsv, jb, tev) to be the best reading, though av, rv, nasb,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bethesda (Gk. Bēthesdá)A pool located in Jerusalem “by the Sheep Gate” (John 5:2; possibly “the Sheep Pool”). According to John 5:1–9 many sick and physically impaired people congregated in this pool’s five porticoes, and here Jesus healed a man who had been “ill” for 38 years (but not totally “paralyzed”;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bethesda [bə thĕzˊdə] (Gk. Bēthesda, probably from Aram. bêṯḥisdā˒ “house of mercy”). A pool at the Sheep Gate in the northeastern section of Jerusalem (John 5:2). The pool was renowned for an intermittent spring with curative powers which lasted till the water became mingled with the surrounding
Catholic Bible Dictionary
BETH-ZATHA A double pool in Jerusalem that was surrounded by four porticoes or porches, with a fifth separating the two pools. At the pool Jesus cured a man who had been disabled for thirty-eight years (John 5:1–15). Some manuscripts of the Gospel of John term the pool Bethesda (“house of mercy”), and
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Bethesda. A pool at *Jerusalem (Jn. 5:2; but some important MSS read ‘Bethzatha’ or similar variant) believed to possess miraculous properties connected with a periodical disturbance of the water. It has been variously identified, e.g. with the ‘Virgin’s Pool’ SE of the Temple, where a spring still bubbles