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Beth-Shan
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also spelled Beth Shan (בֵּית שָׁן‎, beith shan). Later called Scythopolis (Σκυθῶν πόλις, Skythōn polis). City at the junction of the Jezreel and Jordan Valleys. One of the cities of the Decapolis. Occupied from the fifth millennium bc to the present.Beth-Shean is located about five miles northeast of Mt. Gilboa along the Harod Brook, where the Jezreel Valley meets the Jordan Valley.Beth-Shean guards two of the most important routes through the Levant (or the countries bordering on the East Mediterranean). The Jordan Valley route was known in ancient times as “the King’s Highway,” used by armies of Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Greece, and Rome. As an important trade route, the valley connected the ports of the Red Sea with the commercial centers of the Fertile Crescent. The Jezreel Valley represents the only easy route from the Jordan Valley to the Mediterranean Sea. At Beth-Shean, the “King’s Highway” connected to the “Via Maris”—the major route from Damascus, through Galilee, and along the Mediterranean coast through the Levant to Egypt.The original settlement was on top of a large mound (or tel), overlooking the surrounding area. During the Hellenistic period, the city spread out around the tel, eventually encompassing 400 acres. The modern Arabic name of the archaeological site is Tell El-Husn.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shean
Beth-Shean (בֵּית־שְׁאָן‎, beith-she'an). Also spelled Beth Shan (בֵּית שָׁן‎, beith shan). Later called Scythopolis (Σκυθῶν πόλις, Skythōn polis). City at the junction of the Jezreel and Jordan Valleys. One of the cities of the Decapolis. Occupied from the fifth millennium bc to the present.Beth-Shean
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shan (Place)
BETH-SHAN (PLACE) [Heb bêt šan (בֵּית שַׁן‎), bêt šĕʾān (בֵּית שְׁאָן)]. Var. BETH-SHEAN; SCYTHOPOLIS. An ancient city standing sentinel over the junction of the Jezreel and Jordan valleys (M.R. 197212). The town was given to Manasseh (Josh 17:11), but that tribe was unable to secure the site because
Scythopolis (Place)
SCYTHOPOLIS (PLACE) [Gk Skythōn polis (Σκυθων πολις)]. A name applied to the town of Beth-shan during the Maccabean period and later (Jdt 3:10; 2 Macc 12:29, 30). See BETH-SHAN.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Beth-shan, Beth-shean
Beth-shan, Beth-shean. Strategic Palestinian town located in the sub-tropical Jordan Valley 15 miles south of the Sea of Galilee and 4 miles west of the Jordan River. Beth-shan (alternately Beth-shean) stood at the eastern end of the Valley of Jezreel, guarding an important Jordan River crossing. It
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Beth-Shean
Beth-Shean beth-shēʹən; BETH-SHAN beth̃shan, beth-shanʹ [Heb. bêṯ-še’ān, bêṯ-šān; Gk. usually Baithsan, Bethsan, with minor variants]; (1 and 2 Samuel); AV Apoc. BETHSAN; SCYTHOPOLIS sith-opʹə-lis [Gk. Skythṓn Pólis] (Apoc.).A city located at the juncture of the Jezreel and Jordan valleys.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shan, Beth-Shean
BETH-SHAN, BETH-SHEAN* Strategic Palestinian town located in the subtropical Jordan Valley 15 miles (24.1 kilometers) south of the Sea of Galilee and 4 miles (6.4 kilometers) west of the Jordan River. Beth-shan (alternately Beth-shean) stood at the eastern end of the valley of Jezreel, guarding an important
Scythopolis
SCYTHOPOLIS The Greek name for Beth-shan in 2 Maccabees 12:29. See Beth-shan, Beth-shean; Decapolis.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Beth-Shan
Beth-shan (beth-shan´; also Beth-shean), an important biblical city located between the Jezreel and Jordan valleys. Beth-shan protected the ancient primary highway, a branch of the Via Maris. The archaeological site consists of Tell el-Husn, which excavations reveal was occupied almost continuously from
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Beth-Shan
Mound of Behshan, Roman theater in the foreground. IISBETH-SHAN, BETH-SHEAN. The first spelling occurs in 1 and 2 Samuel; the latter in Joshua, Judges, 1 Kings and Chronicles.Beth-shan was the most important fortress guarding any Jordan River crossing. It was located at the E end of the vale of Jezreel
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Bethshean, Bethshan
BETHSHEAN, BETHSHAN. A city situated at the important junction of the Valley of *Jezreel with the Jordan valley. The name occurs in the Bible as bêṯ ŝe’ ān (Jos. 17:11, 16; Jdg. 1:27; 1 Ki. 4:12; 1 Ch. 7:29) and bêṯ šan (1 Sa. 31:10, 12; 2 Sa. 21:12). The name is preserved in the modern village
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Beth-Shan
Beth-Shan (Heb. bêṯ-šan), BETH-SHEAN (bêṯ-šĕʾān)A site at the junction of the Jezreel and Jordan Valleys (1977.2124) which stands sentinel over the east-west and north-south trade routes that pass through the valleys. The region is fertile with water available from the Ḥarod River which flows
Scythopolis
Scythopolis (Gk. Skythópolis)A Decapolis city (Pliny Nat. hist. 5.16). Nysa Scythopolis, containing Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and early Arab archaeological materials, is located at the foot of the tell of Beth-shean (Tell el-Ḥuṣn, 1977.2124). A wall surrounded the city in the Byzantine period,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shan, Beth-Shean
BETH-SHAN [bĕthˊshăn, bĕth shănˊ] (Heb. bêṯ-šan “house of rest”), BETH-SHEAN [bĕth shēˊən] (Heb. bêṯ-še˒an).† A city strategically located at the juncture of the Jezreel and Jordan valleys. It was located, along with its associated villages, within the territory of the tribe of Issachar
Scythopolis
Scythopolis [sĭth ŏpˊə lĭs] (Gk. Skythōn pólis, Skythopolis). The name of Beth-Shan from the Hellenistic through the Byzantine periods; the chief city of the Decapolis, 120 km. (75 mi.) northeast of Jerusalem (2 Macc. 12:29–30).
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Beth-Shean; Scythopolis
BETH-SHEAN; SCYTHOPOLIS A mound in the valley of the Harod, a rivulet which flows into the Jordan at the eastern end of the Jezreel Valley. Although 350 feet below sea level the mound (Tell el-Husn) is imposing and is situated on highways that were important in all periods, giving access in all four
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Beth-Shan
BETH-SHAN A Canaanite city on the southeastern plain of Esdraelon where the Jezreel and Jordan valleys meet; it is probably modern Tell el-Husn. After the Israelites’ conquest of Canaan, it was allotted to Manasseh (Josh 17:11), but it remained in Canaanite hands because the Israelites could not overcome