The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
BENEFACTOR. A person or deity who is considered to be of singular merit (Gk areté) because of benefits conferred on others. The infrequency of the term “benefactor” and cognates in translations of the Bible does not adequately reflect the historical context in which especially the Greek NT and the LXX
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Benefactors [Gk. euergétai] (Lk. 22:25). Probably an allusion to the practice among kings of assuming or accepting the surname “Euergetes,” e.g., Ptolemy III (247–242 b.c.) and VII (147–117 b.c.) of Egypt. Jesus draws the contrast between worldly kingdoms, in which the title “benefactor” is given those
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
BENEFACTOR. The Gk. euergetēs was used as a title by kings of Egypt (e.g. Ptolemy IX, 147–117bc) and of Syria (e.g. Antiochus VII, 141–129 bc) and appears on their coins; also on 1st century inscriptions, e.g. to the people of Cos (LAE, p. 253). Disciples of Jesus should not seek the title (Lk. 22:25)
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
BenefactorA desire for lasting memory penetrated much of Greco-Roman culture. States capitalized on this interest by urging wealthy citizens to serve administratively at their own expense, while assuming the expenses of certain public works and a variety of cultural programs. This combination of personal
Dictionary of New Testament Background
BENEFACTORLife in Greco-Roman society depended greatly on the wealthy individual who provided for others, that is, a benefactor (euergetēs), whose gifts were called euergesiai. Recognition as an euergetēs was a great honor, even appearing among royal titles. When granting freedom or disaster relief,
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BENEFACTOR — a title bestowed upon gods, kings, and people of outstanding achievement. Jesus spoke of Gentile kings who exercise power and authority over their subjects as “benefactors” (Luke 22:25). He contrasted this earthly system with the kingdom of God. His disciples should not seek to be served
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BENEFACTOR<ben-e-fak’-ter> (Greek [euergetes], Luke 22:25): There is here a probable allusion to two kings of Egypt (Ptolemy III and VII), who had the surname “Euergetes,” of whom the period of the first was 247-242 BC, and of the second, 147-117 BC. Jesus draws the contrast between worldly kingdoms,
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
beneficence. The act of well-doing, or the *obligation of doing *good to others. Most ethical theorists teach beneficence. In the New Testament, beneficence is often enjoined on Christians by appeal to the example of Jesus or to God’s ways of dealing with creatures. Jesus cited God’s goodness in causing
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
BENEFACTOR (εὐεργέτης).—A title conferred by a grateful sovereign or country for useful service rendered, often in time of difficulty or danger (Est 2:23, 6:2). The names of royal benefactors were enrolled in a register (Herod. viii. 85, where see Rawlinson’s note; Thnc. 1:129). In the Persian tongue
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BENEFACTORS Honorary title bestowed on kings or other prominent people for some meritorious achievement or public service. The title in Greek is Euergetes and was held by some of the Hellenistic kings of Egypt. One would not earn the title “benefactor” from service rendered in the kingdom of God. In
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
benefactor. This term represents Greek euergetēs G2309, “well-doer,” which could function as a title sometimes assumed by kings (e.g., Ptolemy III, 247–242 b.c.) and sometimes conferred by them upon outstanding citizens as a reward for some unusual service. The concept was of cultural importance and
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
BENEFACTOR, ben-ē̇-fakʹtēr (Gr euergétēs, Lk 22:25): There is here a probable allusion to two kings of Egypt (Ptolemy III and VII), who had the surname “Euergetes,” of whom the period of the first was 247–242 BC, and of the second, 147–117 BC. Jesus draws the contrast between worldly kingdoms, in
Key passages
Lk 22:25

So he said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who have authority over them are called benefactors.