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Bellows
Smelter • Smelting Pot
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bellows
Bellows [Heb. mappu (a)ḥ]. The word occurs only once in the AV and RSV, in Jer. 6:29 where the prophet is predicting the coming of the destroyer (v 26), “a great nation” from “the north country” (v 22), upon Israel because “all of them act corruptly” (v 28).The imagery is drawn from the refiner’s art,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Bellows
BELLOWS. Although the word mappuaḥ, “bellows,” occurs only in Jer 6:29, there are allusions to the use of bellows in Isa 54:16 and Ezk 22:21. Since wood and charcoal burn easily and may be simply fanned, bellows were used in forges and furnaces for smelting and refining purposes. Pictures of bellows
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Bellows
Bellows. The word occurs only in Jer. 6:29, where it denotes an instrument to heat a smelting furnace. Wilkinson in “Ancient Egypt,” iii. 338, says, “They consisted of a leather, secured and fitted into a frame, from which a long pipe extended for carrying the wind to the fire. They were worked by the
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Bellows
BELLOWS (“blower”). The term bellows appears in Jer. 6:29 only, though other passages that speak of blowing the fire (Isa. 54:16; Ezek. 22:21) may refer to them; but as wood was the common fuel in ancient times, and kindles readily, a fan would generally be sufficient. Bellows seem to have been of great
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Bellows
Bellowsoccurs only in Jer. 6:29, in relation to the casting of metal. Probably they consisted of leather bags similar to those common in Egypt.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Smelter
SMELTER — a large container for heating ore and separating the metal from the dross; a person engaged in the smelting industry. The people of Jerusalem and Judah were so corrupted with the impurity of wickedness that they were almost beyond redemption. The prophet Jeremiah declared, “The smelter refines
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BELLOWS
BELLOWS<bel’-oz>, <bel’-us>: The word occurs once only in English Versions of the Bible, in Jeremiah 6:29, where the prophet is predicting the coming of the destroyer (verse 26), “a great nation” from “the north country” (verse 22), down upon Israel, because “all of them deal corruptly” (verse
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Bellows
BELLOWS Instrument that blows air on a fire, making it burn hotter. The term is used only in Jer. 6:29. God appointed Jeremiah as the assayer of His people to test their purity. God’s people remained like impure metal despite the fact that the bellows had blown fiercely on the fire, making it hot enough
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Bellows
These bellows made of ostrich feathers were used in Egyptian copper smelting furnaces (c. 1300 b.c.).bellows. This term renders a Hebrew word that appears only once (Jer. 6:29). It is mappuaḥ H5135, a participial substantive from the verb pûaḥ, the common Semitic verb “to blow, breathe.” A cognate
Dictionary of Daily Life in Biblical & Post-Biblical Antiquity, Volumes I–IV
Bellows
Bellows & FurnacesSmelting, that is, the extraction of metals from their ores, and the refining or purifying of metals, such as gold, requires intense heat. The larger the furnace, the higher it could be heated. This heating was provided in furnaces in a process which was aided by the introduction of
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Bellows
BELLOWS, belʹōz, belʹus: The word occurs once only in EV, in Jer 6:29, where the prophet is predicting the coming of the destroyer (ver 26), “a great nation” from “the north country” (ver 22), down upon Israel, because “all of them deal corruptly” (ver 28). “The bellows blow fiercely; the lead is consumed
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BELLOWS
BELLOWS [מַפֻּחַmappuakh; φυσητήρ physētēr]. Bellows are only mentioned in the OT in Jer 6:29 metaphorically, and then in 4 Macc 8:13 as a means of torture. Bellows were used in the smelting and working of copper and bronze in Mesopotamia from the 3rd millennium onward. The oldest depiction of the
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