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Belial
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Belial
Belial (בְּלִיַּעַל‎, beliyya'al). Personified wickedness. Sometimes used as a name for Satan.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Belial
BELIAL [Heb bĕliyyaʿal (בְּלִיַּעַל‎)]. Bĕliyyaʿal in Hebrew means wickedness and is often found in compounds expressing evil people (e.g., “man of bĕliyyaʿal,” “sons of bĕliyyaʿal”). The use of bĕliyyaʿal as a proper name for Satan is not found in the Hebrew Bible, but Belial as the leader of the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Belial, Beliar
Belial, Beliar. Common Hebrew noun meaning “baseness,” “worthlessness,” “wickedness,” or “lawlessness.” Belial, however, is often rendered as a proper noun. Thus such translations as “sons of Belial” appear (kjv Jgs 19:22; 1 Sm 2:12), “daughter of Belial” (1 Sm 1:16), or “children of Belial” (Dt 13:13;
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Belial
Belial bēʹlē-əl [Gk. Beliar and variants]. The name appears in the MT (as belîya‘al) in Jgs. 20:13; 1 S. 10:27; 30:22; 1 K 21:13; etc., generally rendered as a proper name by the AV, but by the RSV as “base fellows” and by the NEB as “scoundrels.” In Jewish apocalyptic writing (Book of Jubilees,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Belial, Beliar
BELIAL*, BELIAR* Common Hebrew noun meaning “baseness,” “worthlessness,” “wickedness,” or “lawlessness.” Belial, however, is often rendered as a proper noun. Thus, such translations as “sons of Belial” appear (Jgs 19:22; 1 Sm 2:12, kjv), “daughter of Belial” (1 Sm 1:16), or “children of Belial” (Dt 13:13;
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Belial, Beliar
Belial (bee´lee-uhl), Beliar (bee´lee-uhr; Heb., “wickedness,” “worthlessness”). Belial appears as a popular name for Satan in the Qumran literature. A variant form of the name, Beliar, appears in Jewish literature from the Second Temple period (Jubilees, Sibylline Oracles, Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Belial
BELIAL. The literal meaning of the OT Heb. word blı̂ya˓al is “useless,” “without worth.” It is usually employed as a term descriptive of a person; e.g., “a son of Belial” or “a man of Belial.” An approximate meaning is our colloquial expression “a good-for-nothing.” But the contexts of most passages
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Belial
BELIAL. The sense of this word is generally clear from its context: ‘son of’ or ‘man of’ Belial plainly means a very wicked person. The word occurs in Heb. of Ps. 18:4, parallel to the word ‘death’; hence the rsv translation ‘perdition’. In intertestamental literature and NT it is a synonym for Satan
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Belial
Belial (Heb. beliyyaʿal; Gk. Beliár)In ancient Hebrew literature, the possessive “(of) beliyyaʿal” (e.g., Deut. 13:13 [MT 14]; Judg. 19:22) provides an evil connotation to people or things (lit., “sons of beliyyaʿal”). Although the etymology of the word remains uncertain, from the parallelism with
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Belial
Belial [bēˊlĭ əl] (Heb. belîya˓al “of no use”; Gk. Beliar). Although generally rendered as a proper name in the KJV, the term is translated more precisely as “base fellow” (RSV) or “scoundrel” (NEB). It is used in a variety of senses, ranging from “worthless men” (1 Sam. 2:12; NIV “wicked
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Belial
BELIAL בליעל ‘wickedness’I. In the manner of other ancient peoples, the Hebrews regularly personified physical forces and abstract concepts: sometimes describing them mythically as divinities. This holds for some OT depictions of בליעל. In 2 Sam 22:5 naḥălê bĕliyyaʿal ‘torrents of Belial’ in the
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Belial
BELIAL (Hebrew, “wickedness” or “worthlessness”) In the Old Testament, the term “children of Belial,” translated “base fellows” or “worthless men” in the RSV, is used for the exceptionally wicked (Deut 13:14; Judg 19:22; 1 Sam 2:12, 30:22; 2 Sam 20:1). The word “Belial” (“Beliar” in the Greek) is found