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Bear (Constellation)
Arcturus • Bear
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Arcturus
Arcturus. Constellation Ursa Major (the Great Bear), referred to in Job 9:9 and 38:32 (kjv) in connection with the constellation Orion and the Pleiades.See Astronomy.
Bear (Astronomy)
Bear (Astronomy). Constellation of stars (Ursa Major, also known as the Big Dipper) mentioned in Job 9:9 and 38:32.See Astronomy.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bear, The
Bear, The [Heb. ‘aš, ‘ayiš]; AV ARCTURUS; NEB ALDEBARAN. A great northern constellation referred to in Job 9:9; 38:32. See Astronomy II.C.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Arcturus
ARCTURUS* Constellation Ursa Major (the Great Bear), referred to in Job 9:9 and 38:32 (kjv) in connection with the constellation Orion and the Pleiades. See Astronomy.
Bear (Astronomy)
BEAR (Astronomy) Constellation of stars (Ursa Major, also known as the Big Dipper) mentioned in Job 9:9 and 38:32. See Astronomy.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Arcturus
Arcturus (ahrk-toor´uhs), the third brightest star of the Northern Hemisphere. In place of Arcturus (lxx, kjv), nrsv translates “Bear” (Job 9:9; 38:32). It is part of constellation Boötes and is in line with the tail of Ursa Major (Great Bear), whence the associated name.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Bear (Constellation)
BEAR (CONSTELLATION). Translated “Arcturus” in Job 9:9; 38:32, but “Bear” in RSV. See Astronomy.
Arcturus
ARCTURUS. A large bright star or constellation referred to in Job 9:9; 38:32, KJV. RSV translates the Heb. word as the “Bear.” The precise modern equivalent is not known, although either the constellation of Ursa Major, the Great Bear, or of Aldebaran is a possible reference. See Astronomy.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Arcturus
Arctu´rus (bear-keeper). The Hebrew words ’Ash and ’Aish, rendered “Arcturus” in the Authorized Version of Job 9:9; 38:32, in conformity with the Vulgate of the former passage, are now generally believed to be identical, and to represent the constellation Ursa Major, known commonly as the Great Bear
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Bear
BEAR (KJV,“Arcturus”). A part of the constellation Bootes and one of the three most brilliant stars of the Southern Hemisphere in line with the tail of Ursa Major, “the Great Bear.” See Job 9:9; 38:32. For the animal, see Animal Kingdom.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Arcturus
Arcturusbear-keeper, the name given by the ancients to the brightest star in the constellation Bootes. In the Authorized Version (Job 9:9; 38:32) it is the rendering of the Hebrew word ʾash, which probably designates the constellation the Great Bear. This word (‘ash) is supposed to be derived from an
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Arcturus
ArcturusArcturus (ahrk-to̅o̅rʹuhs), the third brightest star of the Northern Hemisphere (magnitude 0.2). In place of Arcturus (lxx, kjv), rsv translates ‘Bear’ (Job 9:9; 38:32). It is part of constellation Boötes and is in line with the tail of Ursa Major (Great Bear), whence the associated name.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Arcturus
ARCTURUS [ark TOO rus] (bear keeper) — KJV translation of a Hebrew word meaning “crowd,” and referring to a constellation of stars. The NKJV translates the word as “the Bear” (Job 9:9) and “the Great Bear with its cubs” (Job 38:32)—the “cubs” being a reference to the seven main stars of this constellation.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BEAR, THE (ARCTURUS)
BEAR, THE (ARCTURUS)<bar>. A great northern constellation.See ASTRONOMY 2.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
Arcturus
ArcturusThe third brightest star in the night sky is Arcturus, with an apparent visual magnitude of −0.05. It is the most brilliant star that can be seen from the Northern Hemisphere during late spring and summer. Arcturus is one of the 57 stars of celestial navigation, and it is easily found by imagining
Key passages
Job 9:9

He is the one who made the Bear and Orion, the Pleiades and the constellations of the south.