Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An animal referred to in the Bible on both literal and figurative levels, with emphasis on its ferocious nature (e.g., 1 Sam 17:34–37; 2 Kgs 2:24; Prov 17:12; Isa 11:7; Hos 13:8; Amos 5:19). The type of bear referenced in the Bible would have been a brown bear.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
The most advanced Bible Dictionary
The most advanced Bible dictionary as a part of Biblia Plus, which includes everything you need to take your Bible study to the next level. For less than $1 a week, you'll get devotionals, Bible study guides, thematic studies, and much more!
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bear. There were originally two subspecies of bears in Syria, namely, the larger yellowish-brown Ursus arctos isabellinus dwelling in the shelter of the pine regions of the Anti-lebanon mountains and on the northern slope of Mt. Hermon, and the smaller brown Ursus arctos syriacus. The latter (which reached
Catholic Bible Dictionary
BEAR No longer found in modern Palestine, the bear was common in biblical times, certainly in the period of the Old Testament. In the New Testament, the only reference to a bear is in Rev 13:2, where a bear appears in a prophetic vision (cf. Dan 7:5). The bear was feared as a dangerous predator (1 Sam
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Bear. 1 Sam. 17:34; 2 Sam. 17:8. The Syrian bear, Ursus syriacus, which is without doubt the animal mentioned in the Bible, is still found on the higher mountains of Palestine. During the summer months these bears keep to the snowy parts of Lebanon, but descend in winter to the villages and gardens.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Bear—a native of the mountain regions of Western Asia, frequently mentioned in Scripture. David defended his flocks against the attacks of a bear (1 Sam. 17:34–37). Bears came out of the wood and destroyed the children who mocked the prophet Elisha (2 Kings 2:24). Their habits are referred to in Isa.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BEAR<bar> (דֹּב [dobh]; compare Arabic dubb): In 1 Samuel 17:34-37, David tells Saul how as a shepherd boy he had overcome a lion and a bear. In 2 Kings 2:24 it is related that two she bears came out of the wood and tore forty-two of the children who had been mocking Elisha. All the other references
bearAlthough it has a reputation for being fierce and aggressive, the bear is more often a peaceful and solitary creature. The largest of the carnivores—animals classified in an order of flesh-eating land mammals—and the least carnivorous, or flesh-eating. It is closely related to the dog and the raccoon.
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Bear. The Syrian bear is a savage and rapacious animal, dwelling in solitary places, and still found on the higher mountains of Palestine. David showed his courage and strength in successfully defending his flock against the attack of one of these animals (1 Sam. 17:34–36). The impious children who mocked