Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Possibly a precious material, found in the land of Havilah along with onyx and gold (Gen 2:12). Manna is compared in appearance to bdellium (Num 11:7).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Bdellium. Substance mentioned twice in the OT, evidently the resinous gum of an Arabian shrub (known scientifically as Commiphora africana). The same genus of mid-eastern plants includes the shrub from which myrrh is derived and possibly the one from which the biblical “balm” was obtained.Apart from
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
BDELLIUM* Substance mentioned twice in the OT, evidently the resinous gum of an Arabian shrub (known scientifically as Commiphora africana). The same genus of Middle Eastern plants includes the shrub from which myrrh is derived and possibly the one from which the biblical “balm” was obtained.Apart from
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
BDELLIUM. A fragrant, transparent, yellowish gum-resin, the sap from trees of the genus Commiphora, valued for its use as a perfume. It was found in the land of *Havilah, near Eden (Gn. 2:12), and its colour was the same as that of *manna (Nu. 11:7). The Heb. beḏōlaḥ was taken over into Gk. as bdellion.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
BdelliumApparently a thick, yellowish resin or gum (Heb. bĕḏōlaḥ). The gum was derived from trees in Assyria, Babylonia, India, and Media and was valued as a sweet spice or a fragrant gum. The term is associated with gold and onyx as products of the land of Havilah (Gen. 2:12), perhaps denoting its
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bdellium [dĕlˊĭ əm] (Heb. beḏōlaḥ). The identification of this material is uncertain The appearance of the manna given to Israel in the wilderness is compared to bdellium (Num. 11:7), probably pointing to the transparence of the very fragrant, light yellow gum secreted by balsam trees (cf. NIV
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Bdellium—occurs only in Gen. 2:12, where it designates a product of the land of Havilah; and in Num. 11:7, where the manna is likened to it in colour. It was probably an aromatic gum like balsam which exuded from a particular tree (Borassus flabelliformis) still found in Arabia, Media, and India. It
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Bdellium.—Generally supposed to be a gum from a tree common in Arabia and the East. But this substance, whatever it is, is mentioned with gold and gems; while a gum is certainly not so remarkable an object of nature as to deserve this classification, or that the production of it should confer on Havilah
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