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Battle
Battles • Fight • Fighting
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Battle (Go Out to Battle; Take in Battle; etc.)
Battle (Go Out to Battle; Take in Battle; etc.) [Heb. milḥāmâ, yāṣā‘lammilḥâ, lāqaḥ ḇammilḥāmâ, ‘āraḵ milḥāmâ, etc.]; AV also FIGHT, WAR; NEB also FIGHT, ATTACK, WAR, FIELD, “take up position”; [ṣāḇā’] (Nu. 31:27f); NEB CAMPAIGN, COMBATANTS; [ma‘‡rāḵâ] (“field of battle,” 1
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Battle
battle. In the Bible there are many references to battles both on a large scale, where national armies struggle, and in individual combat, where two combatants represent the two groups in the dispute (1 Sam. 17:8–10). Descriptions of battles sometimes offer hints of strategy (Josh. 8:1–25) or the claim
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Battle
Battlebattle, a military engagement between individuals or armies. War is an almost universal experience and it was certainly not missing in the Palestine of biblical times. According to the book of Genesis human beings have struggled violently among themselves from the very beginning (cf. Gen. 4:23–24)
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Battle
BATTLE — armed combat between two enemy forces. Canaan was the scene of numerous battles. Conflict was so frequent in Old Testament times that the spring of the year was known as “the time when kings go out to battle” (2 Sam. 11:1; 1 Chr. 20:1), probably because the ground had dried out after the winter
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Battle Stories
Battle StoriesThe Bible is a book of human and divine battles (see Warrior, Divine). In regard to both it is impossible to overstate the degree to which the world of the OT was (like other ancient societies) a warrior culture. Warfare was a way of life in the sense that it occurred more or less continuously.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
American Civil War
American Civil WarAt 4:30 am on April 12, 1861, Confederate artillery in Charleston, South Carolina, opened fire on Fort Sumter, which was held by the United States Army. The bombardment set off a savage four-year war between two great geographic sections of the United States. One section was the North
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Battle
Battle. Professor Creasy says there are fifteen decisive battles; that is, battles which have decided some political change: b.c. 490, Mar′athon; 413, Syracuse; 331, Arbe′la; 207, Metau′rus; the defeat of the Romans by Varus, 9; Chalons, a.d. 451; Tours, 732; Hastings, 1066; Joan of Arc’s victory at
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BATTLE
BATTLE [מִלְחָמָהmilkhamah; πόλεμος polemos]. The violent confrontation of two large and opposing armies at a specific location in the course of extended hostilities. In biblical times pitched battles involved the clash of armies composed of light and heavy infantry, and archers, with occasional use
ARRAY, BATTLE
ARRAY, BATTLE [עָרַךְʿarakh]. The organization of opposing armies on the battlefield (Judg 20:30; 2 Sam 10:8–17; Jer 50:9). Diverse forces, composed of infantry, archers, slingers, and minimal cavalry and chariotry, needed to be deployed to the best advantage of their capabilities. Distance weapons,
FIGHT, TO
FIGHT, TO [לָחַםlakham; ἀγωνίζομαι agōnizomai]. To engage in struggles against one’s enemies either defensively or offensively. Fighting was often understood as needing God’s sanction beforehand. Moses assured the Israelites that God would fight for them against the Egyptians (Exod 14:14). Battling
Key passages
Jdt 1:13–15

So in the seventeenth year he organized his army against King Arphaxad, and he was strengthened in the battle and overthrew the whole army of Arphaxad and all of his cavalry and all of his chariots. Thus he took control of his cities and went as far as Ecbatana and captured the towers and looted …

Jdt 6:10–15

Then Holofernes commanded his slaves, who were attending him in his tent, to take hold of Achior and to bring him to Bethulia and to hand him over into the hands of the children of Israel. And his slaves took hold of him and led him out of the camp, into the plain, …

Jdt 15:4–7

And Uzziah sent to Betomasthaim and Choba and Chola and to every region of Israel those bringing news about the things that had been accomplished and that all should pour out against the enemy for their destruction. And when the children of Israel heard, with one accord they all fell upon …

1 Mac 4:12–15

And the foreigners raised their eyes and saw them possessing from the opposite side, and they came out from the camp to battle, and those with Judas trumpeted; and they engaged in battle and broke the nations, and they fled into the plain. But all the rear troops fell by the sword, and …

1 Mac 6:33–47

And the king rose early in the morning and departed from the camp in its fury down the road to Beth-zechariah, and the soldiers prepared for battle and sounded the trumpets. And to the elephants they gave juice of grapes and mulberries to arouse them for the battle. And they divided the animals …

See also
Ge 14:5–6; Ge 14:8–10; Ex 14:16–31; Ex 17:8–13; Nu 14:44–45; Nu 21:1; Nu 21:23–25; Nu 21:32–35; Nu 25:16–18; Nu 31:7–12; Dt 1:44; Jos 7:4–5; Jos 8:1–29; Jos 10:20; Jos 10:28–29; Jos 10:31; Jos 10:34–43; Jos 11:6–14; Jos 11:21–22; Jos 15:15–17; Jdg 1:1–13; Jdg 1:17–18; Jdg 1:22–26; Jdg 5:19; Jdg 7:19–23; Jdg 8:11–12; Jdg 9:39–40; Jdg 9:44–45; Jdg 9:50; Jdg 15:9; Jdg 18:27; Jdg 20:18–48; 1 Sa 4:2; 1 Sa 4:10–11; 1 Sa 11:11; 1 Sa 13:3; 1 Sa 14:20–23; 1 Sa 15:7–8; 1 Sa 17:52; 1 Sa 23:1–5; 1 Sa 31:1–13; 2 Sa 2:12–28; 2 Sa 5:7; 2 Sa 5:17–21; 2 Sa 5:23–25; 2 Sa 10:13–19; 2 Sa 11:16–17; 2 Sa 12:26–31; 2 Sa 18:6–8; 2 Sa 20:14–22; 2 Sa 21:15–21; 2 Sa 23:10–12; 1 Ki 9:16; 1 Ki 15:20; 1 Ki 15:27; 1 Ki 16:17; 1 Ki 16:22; 1 Ki 20:1; 1 Ki 20:17–21; 1 Ki 22:32–36; 2 Ki 6:24; 2 Ki 8:21; 2 Ki 8:28; 2 Ki 12:17; 2 Ki 14:7; 2 Ki 14:11–14; 2 Ki 15:16; 2 Ki 16:5; 2 Ki 16:9; 2 Ki 17:6; 2 Ki 19:8; 2 Ki 23:29; 2 Ki 25:4–5; 1 Ch 10:1–7; 1 Ch 11:4–7; 1 Ch 11:11; 1 Ch 11:13–14; 1 Ch 11:20; 1 Ch 14:11; 1 Ch 14:16; 1 Ch 18:12; 1 Ch 19:14–15; 1 Ch 19:17–20:1; 2 Ch 6:28; 2 Ch 6:34–35; 2 Ch 8:3; 2 Ch 13:3–19; 2 Ch 14:9–13; 2 Ch 18:30–34; 2 Ch 20:20–23; 2 Ch 21:9; 2 Ch 25:11–12; 2 Ch 25:21–24; 2 Ch 28:5–8; 2 Ch 35:22–23; Ps 60:title; Ps 76:3; Pr 21:31; Ec 9:14–15; Is 1:8; Is 3:25; Is 20:1; Is 21:15; Je 6:23; Je 37:8; Je 39:2; Je 47:1; Je 48:18–20; Je 49:14; Je 50:22; Je 50:42; Eze 17:21; Eze 26:7–12; Zec 10:4–5; Zec 14:2–5; 1 Mac 2:29–38; 1 Mac 3:13–26; 1 Mac 4:28–35; 1 Mac 5:21–23; 1 Mac 5:50–51; 1 Mac 5:55–62; 1 Mac 6:1–4; 1 Mac 7:31–32; 1 Mac 7:39–47; 1 Mac 9:11–18; 1 Mac 9:43–49; 1 Mac 9:62–68; 1 Mac 10:48–50; 1 Mac 10:69–87; 1 Mac 11:65–74; 1 Mac 16:4–10; 2 Mac 10:16–11:12; 2 Mac 12:10–12; 2 Mac 12:17–23; 2 Mac 12:26–28; 2 Mac 12:32–35; 2 Mac 14:16–18; 2 Mac 15:25–27; 1 Esd 1:28–31; 3 Mac 1:1–5; 1 Co 14:8; Heb 11:33–34;