Illegitimacy • Illegitimate
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bastard [Heb. mamzēr] (Dt. 23:2); NEB “descendant of an irregular union”; ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN [GK. nóthoi] (He. 12:8); AV, NEB, BASTARDS. In Dt. 23:2 probably the offspring of an incestuous union or of a marriage within the prohibited degrees of affinity (Lev. 18:6–20; 20:10–21). He and his descendants
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
BASTARD. An illegitimate child or, particularly in the OT, a child sprung from an incestuous union (BDB, s.v.), or from a marriage within the prohibited degrees of affinity (Lev 18:6–20; 20:10–21). In the Deuteronomic law, such offspring were to the tenth generation (Deut 23:2) excluded from the covenanted
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
BastardA person of dubious status (Heb. mamzēr, “mixed”). Whether the term denotes the offspring of an unmarried woman or the offspring of mixed parentage (one gentile parent) is unclear. A “bastard” cannot enter into the assembly of the Lord, even to the 10th generation of descendants (Deut. 23:2).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bastard. A name given to those begotten in adultery or incest (Heb. mamzēr, Deut. 23:2; NIV “born of a forbidden marriage”). This violation of marriage was such a serious offense that such persons and their descendants were denied admission to the assembly of the Lord, first in the temple and later
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Bastard. Among those who were excluded from entering the congregation, even to the tenth generation, was the bastard. Deut. 23:2. The term is not, however, applied to any illegitimate offspring, born out of wedlock, but is restricted by the rabbins to the issue of any connection within the degrees prohibited
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
BASTARD. The word occurs in the KJV in Deut. 23:2 and Zech. 9:6 (NASB, see Zech. 9:6, marg.). Its etymology is obscure, but it appears to denote anyone to whose birth a serious stain is attached. The rabbis applied the term not to any illegitimate offspring but to the issue of any connection within the
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
BastardIn the Old Testament the rendering of the Hebrew word mamzer’, which means “polluted.” In Deut. 23:2, it occurs in the ordinary sense of illegitimate offspring. In Zech. 9:6, the word is used in the sense of foreigner. From the history of Jephthah we learn that there were bastard offspring among
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BASTARD — a person of illegitimate birth. The term may refer to the offspring of incest. Such a person was not allowed to enter the Lord’s assembly: “A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord” (Deut. 23:2, KJV). “A bastard shall dwell in Ashdod” (Zech. 9:6, KJV) refers to the “mixed
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BASTARD<bas’-tard> (מַמְזֵר‎ [mamzer]; [νόθος, nothos]): In Deuteronomy 23:2 probably the offspring of an incestuous union, or of a marriage within the prohibited degrees of affinity (Leviticus 18:6-20; 20:10-21). He and his descendants to the tenth generation are excluded from the assembly of
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
illegitimacy. With reference to assertions or patterns of reasoning: illogical, unsound or contrary to what is actually the case; not worthy of further consideration. With reference to personal parentage: born out of wedlock, or being the child of a woman and a man who are not spouses to each other.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BASTARD KJV translation of a word for the offspring of an illegitimate union. The term could refer to an incestuous union or of a marriage that was prohibited (Lev. 18:6–20; 20:11–20). Illegitimate children were not permitted to enter the assembly of the Lord (Deut. 23:2). According to Hebrews, those
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
bastard. KJV rendering of Hebrew mamzēr H4927 (Deut. 23:2 [NIV, “one born of a forbidden marriage”]; Zech. 9:6 [NIV, “foreigners”]) and Greek nothos G3785 (Heb. 12:8 [NIV, “illegitimate children”], used figuratively of those who reject God’s authority and discipline).