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Basemath (wife of Esau)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A wife of Esau (Gen 26:34). Basemath is identified as a Hittite (meaning a Canaanite; see Deut 7:1) who, along with Judith, made Rebekah’s life miserable (Gen 26:35; 27:46). Basemath may be the same “daughter of Elon” called Adah in Gen 36:2, 4, 10, 16. Another wife of Esau is called “Basemath” in Gen 36:3, but this woman is identified as the daughter of Ishmael and the sister of Nebaioth. For further discussion of the issues related to identifying Esau’s wives, see the article on Judith, Daughter of Beeri.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Basemath, Daughter of Elon
Basemath, Daughter of Elon (בָּשְׂמַת‎, bosmath). A wife of Esau (Gen 26:34). Basemath is identified as a Hittite (meaning a Canaanite; see Deut 7:1) who, along with Judith, made Rebekah’s life miserable (Gen 26:35; 27:46). Basemath may be the same “daughter of Elon” called Adah in Gen 36:2, 4, 10, 16.
Basemath, Daughter of Ishmael
Basemath, Daughter of Ishmael (בָּשְׂמַת‎, bosmath). A wife of Esau (Gen 36:3–4, 10, 13, 17). When Esau realized his Canaanite wives displeased his parents, he married his cousin, the daughter of his uncle Ishmael (Gen 28:9). In that passage, the woman is called Mahalath and is also identified as the
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Basemath (Person)
BASEMATH (PERSON) [Heb bāśĕmat (בָּשְׂמַת)]. Derived from bośem/beśem “balm (tree),” the name belongs to two women in the OT (see below). Outside the OT, the name bs2mt occurs in Minaean for a women from Gaza married to a Minaean merchant (M 392 C 47; 3d century b.c.) and in Sabaic for a man (CIS
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Basemath
Basemath. 1. Daughter of Elon the Hittite. Basemath was a Canaanite woman whom Esau married against his parents’ wishes (Gn 26:34, kjv Bashemath). Basemath may be the same as Elon’s daughter Adah, or perhaps was her sister (36:2).2. Ishmael’s daughter, who married Esau (Gn 36:3; kjv Bashemath) and bore
Bashemath
Bashemath. 1. kjv form of Basemath, one of Esau’s wives, in Genesis 26:34.See Basemath #1.2. kjv form of Basemath, another of Esau’s wives in Genesis 36:3, known also as Mahalath.See Mahalath (Person) #1.
Basmath
Basmath. kjv form of Basemath, King Solomon’s daughter, in 1 Kings 4:15.See Basemath #3.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Basemath (wife of Esau)
1. AV BASHEMATH. A wife of Esau. Gen. 26:34 has her as “the daughter of Elon the Hittite.” Gen. 36:2–4, however, lists Basemath as the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth who bore Esau a son Reuel, and lists Adah as the daughter of Elon the Hittite. It is probable that Esau had only one wife Basemath,
Basmath
Basmath basʹmath. See Basemath 2.Plaited basket (left) dating to the Egyptian New Kingdom (1580–1085 b.c.); open work basket (right) from the Roman period (30 b.c.a.d. 324) (Oriental Institute, University of Chicago)
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Basemath
BASEMATH1. Daughter of Elon the Hittite. Basemath was a Canaanite woman whom Esau married against his parents’ wishes (Gn 26:34). Basemath may be the same as Elon’s daughter Adah, or perhaps was her sister (36:2).2. Ishmael’s daughter, who married Esau (Gn 36:3) and bore Reuel to him (vv 4, 10). This
Bashemath
BASHEMATH*1. kjv form of Basemath, one of Esau’s wives, in Genesis 26:34. See Basemath #1.2. kjv form of Basemath, another of Esau’s wives in Genesis 36:3, known also as Mahalath. See Mahalath (Person) #1.
Basmath
BASMATH* kjv form of Basemath, King Solomon’s daughter, in 1 Kings 4:15. See Basemath #3.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Basemath
Basemath (bas´uh-math).1 A wife of Esau and the mother of Reuel (Gen. 26:34; 36:2–17). She is called the daughter of Elon the Hittite in Gen. 26:34, but is identified as the daughter of Ishmael in 36:3 (the daughter of Elon who married Esau is named Adah in 36:2).2 The daughter of Solomon and wife
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Bashemath
BASHEMATH1. Esau’s wife, the daughter of Elon the Hittite (Gen 26:34), probably to be identified with, or considered a sister of, Adah who is listed as the wife of Esau (Gen 36:2).2. Another wife of Esau, the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebajoth (Gen 36:3, 4, 10, 13, 17). She is also called Mahalath
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Basemath
BASEMATH (Bashemath, av). Probably from Semitic stem bsm, ‘fragrant’. 1. According to Gn. 26:34, Esau married Basemath, the daughter of Elon, the Hittite. According to Gn. 36:3, he was married to a certain Basemath who was the daughter of Ishmael and the sister of Nebaioth. Cf. Gn. 28:9, where she is
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Basemath
Basemath (Heb. bākĕmaṯ)1. One of Esau’s wives and mother of Reuel (Gen. 36:4, 13, 17). At Gen. 26:34 she is called a daughter of Elon the Hittite, whereas at 36:3 she is said to be Ishmael’s daughter (at 36:2 Adah is called the daughter of Elon the Hittite). At Gen. 28:9 Mahalath is the name given
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Basemath
BASEMATH The name of two women in the Old Testament.1. The daughter of Elon the Hittite, and one of the wives of Esau (Gen 26:34; 36:3, 4, 10, 13, 17).2. A daughter of King Solomon (1 Kgs 4:15); she was married to one of the royal governors.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Bashemath
Bash´emath (fragrant, pleasing), daughter of Ishmael, the last married of the three wives of Esau. Gen. 26:34; 36:3, 4, 13. (b.c. after 1797.) In Gen. 28:9 she is called Mahalath.
Basmath
Bas´math (fragrant, pleasing), a daughter of Solomon, married to Ahimaaz, one of his commissariat officers. 1 Kings 4:15. (b.c. after 1014.)
See also
Relatives
Ishmael Father
Elon Father
Isaac Father-In-Law
Rebekah Mother-In-Law
Hadad Brother
Mishma Brother
Mibsam Brother
Nebaioth Brother
Kedar Brother
Dumah Brother
Tema Brother
Massa Brother
Jetur Brother
Naphish Brother
Adbeel Brother
Kedemah Brother
Mahalath Sister
Esau Husband
Reuel Son
Jacob Cousin
Abraham Grandfather
Isaac Uncle
Esau Cousin
Hagar Grandmother
Zerah Grandson
Midian Uncle
Shammah Grandson
Nahath Grandson
Shuah Uncle
Jokshan Uncle
Zimran Uncle
Medan Uncle
Ishbak Uncle
Dedan Cousin
Mizzah Grandson
Ephah Cousin
Epher Cousin
Sheba Cousin
Enoch Cousin
Abida Cousin
Eldaah Cousin