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Barnabas
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Barnabas (“son of encouragement”) was the nickname that the apostles gave to Joseph, a prominent member of the early church (Acts 4:36). Barnabas was a companion of the apostle Paul in the early years of his ministry.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Barnabas the Apostle
Barnabas the Apostle (Βαρναβᾶς, Barnabas). Barnabas (“son of encouragement”) was the nickname that the apostles gave to Joseph, a prominent member of the early church (Acts 4:36). Barnabas was a companion of the apostle Paul in the early years of his ministry.
Joseph, Son of Jacob
Joseph, Son of Jacob The first son of Rachel (Gen 30:22–24); he was set apart among the sons of Jacob—favored by his father and despised by his brothers (Gen 37:2–4). Joseph is one of the central figures in the narrative of Jacob’s family contained in the final chapters of Genesis (Gen 37–50).Joseph
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Barnabas (Person)
BARNABAS (PERSON) [Gk Barnabas (Βαρναβας)]. An apostle, an associate of Paul, prominent in the church of Antioch-on-the-Orontes in Syria, and an early leader in the mission to gentiles. According to Acts, his name was Joseph, but he was called Barnabas by the apostles. Luke, the author of Acts, translates
Joseph (Person)
JOSEPH (PERSON) [Heb yôsēp (יֹוסֵף)]. Several persons in the OT, Apocrypha, and NT bear this name.1. See JOSEPH, SON OF JACOB.2. The father of Igal, the individual selected from the tribe of Issachar to spy out the land of Canaan (Num 13:7).3. A Levite who was one of the “sons of Asaph” (1 Chr 25:2,
Joses (Person)
JOSES (PERSON) [Gk Iōsēs (Ἰωσης)]. Greek equivalent of the Hebrew Joseph (Mark 6:3 = Matt 13:55; Mark 15:40 = Matt 27:56).1. Brother of Jesus (Mark 6:3). The meaning of the word brother is uncertain. It is simplest to understand Jesus’ brothers as the sons of Joseph and Mary born after Jesus. In
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Barnabas
Barnabas. Name given by the apostles to an early convert to Christianity in Jerusalem. Formerly called Joseph, Barnabas probably earned his new name through effective preaching and teaching.Sources for the life of Barnabas are limited to passages in the Book of Acts and from Paul’s letters. The apocryphal
Joseph
Joseph. 1. Jacob’s 11th son and the firstborn son of Rachel. Rachel named the boy Joseph, meaning “May he add,” expressing her desire that God would give her another son (Gn 30:24).Nothing more is said about Joseph until, at the age of 17, he is seen tending his father’s flocks with his brothers (Gn
Joses
Joses. 1. Alternate spelling for Joseph, Mary’s son, in Mark 6:3.See Joseph #7.2. kjv spelling for Joseph, surnamed Barnabas, in Acts 4:36.See Barnabas.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Barnabas
Barnabas bärʹnə-bəs [GK. Barnabas—‘son of exhortation’ or possibly ‘son of Nebo’]. An associate of Paul, originally called Joses or Joseph (Acts 4:36). He was called Barnabas as a testimony to his eloquence. Its literal meaning is “son of prophecy” (Aram bar, “son”; neḇû’â, “prophecy”; cf. Heb.
Joseph
16. The companion of Paul, surnamed Barnabas (Acts 4:36; AV Joses).S. F. Hunter
Joseph
Joseph jośəf, jōʹzəf [Heb. yôsēp̱-‘may he add’ (i.e., may God add posterity), yeehôsēp̱ (Ps. 81:5 [MT 6]); Gk. Iōsēph, Iōsēs (e.g., TR Mt. 13:55; Mk. 6:3)].
Joses
3. A name of Barnabas (Acts 4:36, AV, where the RSV has Joseph). See Barnabas.
Joses
1. One of the brothers of Jesus (Mk. 6:3), called Joseph in Mt. 13:55 (AV Joses). See Brothers of the Lord; Joseph 14.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Barnabas
BARNABAS Name given by the apostles to an early convert to Christianity in Jerusalem. Formerly called Joseph, Barnabas probably earned his new name through effective preaching and teaching.Sources for the life of Barnabas are limited to passages in the book of Acts and Paul’s letters. The apocryphal
Joseph
JOSEPH1. Jacob’s 11th son and the firstborn son of Rachel. Rachel named the boy Joseph, meaning “may he add,” expressing her desire that God would give her another son (Gn 30:24).Nothing more is said about Joseph until, at the age of 17, he is seen tending his father’s flocks with his brothers (Gn
Joses
JOSES*1. Alternate spelling for Joseph, Mary’s son, in Mark 6:3 (nlt mg). See Joseph #7.2. kjv spelling for Joseph, surnamed Barnabas, in Acts 4:36. See Barnabas.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Barnabas
Barnabas (bahr´nuh-buhs; Heb., “son of encouragement”), according to Acts 4:36–37, a Levite from Cyprus whose cognomen was Joseph and who became a member of the early Christian community in Jerusalem. He was surnamed “Barnabas” by the apostles. A Jew from the Dispersion who had moved to Jerusalem, Barnabas
Joseph
Joseph (joh´sif).1 The older son of Rachel, who was the favorite wife of Jacob (Israel), ancestor of the Israelites. Thus, Joseph’s descendants form one of the original twelve tribes of Israel (Gen. 49:22–26), but the tribe of Joseph divided into Ephraim and Manasseh after Levi left the tribal structure
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Barnabas
BARNABAS. A Levite of Cyprus and member of the primitive church of Jerusalem. His personal name was Joseph; the patronymic Barnabas was given him by the apostles to indicate his character (“son of encouragement,” Acts 4:36, RSV). He is first mentioned for his generosity in selling some land and handing
Joseph
JOSEPH1. The eleventh son of Jacob and the first son of his favorite wife Rachel, after her sister Leah had borne Jacob six sons and a daughter. Long barren and desirous of children, Rachel named her first son Joseph (Heb. yôsēp, yhôsēp), “May He (i.e., the Lord) add,” as she explains, “May the
Joses
JOSES. Possibly. Gr. form of Josephus although the name Iōsēs is attested in Gr. inscriptions.1. A brother of Jesus (Mk 6:3). Called “Joseph” in Mt 13:55, ASV, RSV, and NASB according to best MSS evidence.2. A son of Mary and Cleophas (Clopas in best Gr. MSS, Jn 19:25) and brother of James the Less
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Barnabas
BARNABAS. The cognomen of Joseph, a foremost early missionary. Luke (Acts 4:36) interprets ‘son of paraklēsis’, ‘one who encourages, or exhorts’ (cf. ‘son of peace’ in Lk. 10:6). Nabas may reflect Aramaic newaḥâ, ‘pacification’, ‘consolation’ (the abnormal Greek transcription being eased by the contemporary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Barnabas
Barnabas (Gk. Barnabás)Joseph, a highly-reputed apostle active in (perhaps founder of) gentile mission as senior partner to Saul/Paul. He was a diaspora Levite from Cyprus who sold a field and donated the proceeds to the apostles for the community-of-goods experiment in Jerusalem (Acts 4:36–37). The
Joseph
Joseph (Heb. yôsēp̱, yĕhôsēp̱; Gk. Iōsḗph, Iosḗs) (also JOSES)1. The 11th son of Jacob and the older son of Rachel. Rachel, the wife whom Jacob loved, was barren for a long time before giving birth to Joseph (Gen. 29:31–30:21). Her words upon giving birth to Joseph reflect the two possible
Joses
Joses (Gk. Iōsḗs) (also JOSEPH)1. One of the brothers of Jesus (Mark 6:3). At Matt. 13:55 he is called Joseph (10).2. A brother of James the younger (Mark 15:40, 47). At Matt. 27:56 he is called Joseph (11).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Barnabas
Barnabas [bärˊnə bəs] (Gk. Barnabas, either “son of consolation” [so KJV] or “son of encouragement” [so RSV, JB, NIV]). The name given to Joseph, a Levite from the island of Cyprus (Acts 4:36).Barnabas became a Christian early in life, and one of his first acts as a believer was to sell a
Joseph
Joseph [jōˊsəf] (Heb. yôsēp̱, yahôsēp̱ “may [God] add [posterity]”).
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Joseph
JOSEPH יוסףI. In biblical genealogical tradition Joseph is the son of →Jacob and →Rachel (Gen 30:22–24). His name is a hypocoristicon, presumably of *yôsîp-ʾēl/DN like yôsîpyāh (Ezra 8:10). Tradition preserves two explanations of his name, the one linking it to the root ’sp (Gen 30:23 E?), the
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Barnabas
BarnabasBarnabas is a Greek name interpreted by Luke as huios paraklēseōs in Acts 4:36 and variously translated as “son of consolation” (KJV), “son of exhortation” or “son of encouragement” (RSV, JB, NIV). Barnabas was the affectionate nickname of a Levite named Joses, or Joseph (Acts 4:36), who became