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Bardaisan of Edessa
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also known as Bardesanes, a Latinized form of his name. A Syriac philosopher, writer, and teacher (ad 154–222) who was heavily influenced by Gnosticism and Christianity and whose philosophy employed a mixture of ideas. After his death, early church fathers wrote about Bardaisan. Some viewed him as suspect while others considered him a heretic; ultimately his teachings were seen as heretical (e.g., Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History 4.30; Jerome, Lives of Illustrious Men 33).Bardaisan was a nobleman who lived primarily in Edessa, an ancient city located in modern-day Turkey, and spent much of his life at the court of Parthian King Abgar VIII the Great (ad 179–214). His diverse interests have led scholars to credit him with achievements in astronomy, archery, astrology, chronology, and ethnography.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Bardaisan of Edessa
Bardaisan of Edessa Also known as Bardesanes, a Latinized form of his name. A Syriac philosopher, writer, and teacher (ad 154–222) who was heavily influenced by Gnosticism and Christianity and whose philosophy employed a mixture of ideas. After his death, early church fathers wrote about Bardaisan. Some
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Bardaisan of Edessa (Person)
BARDAISAN OF EDESSA (PERSON). A nobleman of Edessa (ca. a.d. 155–222) and associate of its ruler King Abgar VIII (d. a.d. 212; Drijvers ANRW 8:2.876; not Abgar IX as Duval 1891–92:212). Bardaisan was reputed to be of Parthian or Armenian origin, skilled in archery and schooled in Greek philosophy and
A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, Volumes I–IV
Bardaisan
BARDAISAN (ברדיצן‎; Βαρδησάνης, also –δισ–, also –σιάνης; Bardesanes), a Syrian theologian, commonly reckoned among Gnostics. He was born at Edessa (Barhebraeus, Chron. Eccl. ed. Abbeloos and Lamy, Louvain, 1872, p. 49; Abulpharag. jun. Hist. Dyn. p. 79; Epiph. i. 476 d; Theodoret, H. F. i. 22), and
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Bardaisan
Bardaisan. Also Bardesanes. The earliest known Syriac author (c. a.d. 155–222), Bardaisan of Edessa was reputed to have written 150 hymns in imitation of the Psalms, as well as works on such subjects as astronomy, history, and philosophy. He appears to have adopted a docetic Christology (see Docetism)
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
Bardesanes of Edessa
BARDESANES (Bardaisan) of Edessa (154–222). Bardesanes of *Edessa (Bar Dayṣan = “son of the river Dayṣan”), philosopher, astrologer, ethnograph and Christian theologian, an intellectual situated halfway between Aramaic culture and Greek philosophical culture and an outstanding figure in the development