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Baraita
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
In rabbinic literature, the term baraita refers to a teaching or saying attributed to the Tannaim but not found in the Mishnah. The baraitoth are believed to have their origins in the first to third centuries ad. The earliest use of the term baraita was for sayings outside the Mishnaic academies; the term later came to refer to sayings attributed to many of the same sages whose words are collected in the Mishnah.A baraita is often a short, pithy summary of a more complex idea, abbreviated for ease of transmission. In a larger work, the presence of a baraita is often signaled by a phrase such as “he taught,” “as it is taught,” and “our sages taught.” The largest collection of baraitoth is found in the Tosefta, where they are arranged to supplement the Mishnah (Eisenberg, JPS Guide, 501). Other baraitoth derive from the collections of Midrash associated with the Tannaim, such as the Mekhilta, Sifra, or Sifre. Many baraitoth are quoted and discussed in the Talmud (Katz and Schwartz, Swimming, 330).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baraita
Baraita (ברייתא‎, bryyt'; Aramaic, “outside”). In rabbinic literature, the term baraita refers to a teaching or saying attributed to the Tannaim but not found in the Mishnah. The baraitoth are believed to have their origins in the first to third centuries ad. The earliest use of the term baraita was for
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Baraita
BARAITA [Aram bāraytāʾ (בָּרַיְתָּא) = Heb ḥı̂ṣônâ (חִיצֹונָה), “outside” ]. The Babylonian Talmud often (and the Jerusalem Talmud once) uses this term in reference to a text that is to be distinguished from the Mishnah of R. Judah Hanasi. Thus, a baraita is a “mishnah” that is “outside” the recognized
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Baraita
Baraita (Aram. בָּרַיְתָּא, “external”). Plural baraitot. Traditions of the Tannaitic rabbis (see Tannaim) not included in the Mishnah, but brought together in the Tosefta and in some Midrashim (see midrash). Many baraitot are also found in the Talmud.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BARAITA
BARAITA [(תשׂי״רָב֘שׂbarayethaʾ]. An Aramaic word derived from the noun bar (בַּר, “field, outer part”). Baraita functions as a technical term in the Babylonian Talmud to designate a Tannaitic tradition, which is not included in the MISHNAH. See RABBINIC INTERPRETATION; TANNA, TANNAIM.MAYER GRUBER