Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An Aramaic patronymic meaning “Son of Jonah” that Jesus used in reference to Simon Peter (Matt 16:17).
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Bar-Jonah băr-jōʹnə [GK. Bar-iōnas]. Simon Peter’s patronymic (Mt. 16:17). Bar is Aramaic for “son” (cf. Bar-timaeus, Bartholomew, etc.), and corresponds to Heb. bēn. This would indicate that Peter’s father’s name was Jonah. But in Jn. 1:42; 21:15–17, according to the best reading, his name is given
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