Loading…
Baptism
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The act of washing in water as part of a purification ritual. The rite of formal initiation into the Christian church through water. Regarded by many Christian groups as a sacrament (though some groups prefer the term ordinance). Though several allusions to baptism exist in the Old Testament, baptism is primarily a New Testament concept.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baptism
Baptism (βάπτισμα, baptisma). The act of washing in water as part of a purification ritual. The rite of formal initiation into the Christian church through water. Regarded by many Christian groups as a sacrament (though some groups prefer the term ordinance). Though several allusions to baptism exist
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Baptism
Baptism. Term generally meaning “to dip” or “immerse,” but representing a group of words employed to signify a religious rite for ritual cleansing. In Judaism there were ritual ablutions, Qumran lustrations, and proselyte baptism. In the NT it became the rite of initiation into the Christian community.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Baptism
BAPTISM Term generally meaning “to dip” or “immerse,” but representing a group of words employed to signify a religious rite for ritual cleansing. In the NT it became the rite of initiation into the Christian community, and it was interpreted theologically as a dying and rising with Christ.PreviewThe
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Baptism
baptism, an initiatory rite involving water. The term is derived from a Greek word meaning “to immerse in or wash with water” (Mark 7:4). In the Bible, baptism is only mentioned as such in the nt, and so it is connected primarily with Christianity or with people like John the Baptist, who came to be
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Baptism
BAPTISM (Gr. nouns baptismos and baptisma; Gr. verbs baptizō and baptō).Three different views are held concerning the real meaning of baptism. The Baptists and others who baptize by immersion maintain that it signifies the believer’s identification with the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Baptism
BaptismRitual cleansings of the body were well established in Torah (e.g., Exod. 29:4; 30:17–21; 40:30–33; Lev. 17:15–16; Deut. 21:6), as throughout the ancient Near East. Naaman was told to wash seven times in the Jordan to be healed (2 Kgs. 5:10). Later, lustration played a central role at Qumran.
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Baptism
BaptismBaptism is associated with a general group of practices related to washing. In addition to the common terms for baptism (baptō, baptizō, baptisma, baptismos, baptistēs), one must also be aware of terms associated with the act of complete or partial washings (louō, niptō). Here we will survey
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Baptism
BaptismFrom references to baptism in Paul’s letters it is apparent that he assumes that all believers in Christ have been baptized. A single example will suffice to show this. Paul’s exposition of baptism in Romans 6 commences by citing an objection to his teaching of justification by faith apart from
Key passages
Eze 36:25–26

And I will sprinkle on you pure water, and you will be clean from all of your uncleanness, and I will cleanse you from all of your idols. And I will give a new heart to you, and a new spirit I will give into your inner parts, and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh, and I will …

Mt 3:11–17

I baptize you with water for repentance, but the one who comes after me is more powerful than I am, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing shovel is in his hand, and he will clean out his threshing floor and will gather his wheat …

Mt 28:19

Therefore, go and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Ac 2:38–41

And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized, each one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is for you and for your children, and for all those who are far away, as many as the Lord our God calls …

Ro 6:4

Therefore we have been buried with him through baptism into death, in order that just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so also we may live a new way of life.

1 Co 12:13

For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free persons, and all were made to drink one Spirit.

Heb 10:22

let us approach with a true heart in the full assurance of faith, our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.