Finance • Finances
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bank; Banking
Bank; Banking Banking is the business of receiving, disbursing, exchanging, safeguarding, and lending money. Institutional banking in the modern sense did not begin until the founding of the Banco di Rialto in Venice, Italy, in 1587, and similar institutions in Amsterdam in 1609 and Hamburg in 1619.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Banker, Banking
BANKER, BANKING A person who engages in loaning, exchanging, and issuing money. The development of interstate and international trade made it imperative to devise a method of banking to facilitate the transfer of funds. The appearance of coinage in the seventh century bc brought the money changer into
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BANKING — the business of a bank; the occupation of a banker. Institutional banking was not known in ancient Israel until the time of the Captivity (586 b.c.). The lending of money at interest, a traditional function of banks, was forbidden in Old Testament law, at least among native Israelites (Ex.
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Bank, the rendering in our Authorized Version of two Hebrew words and one Greek word.1. A Hebrew word which means the shore of a river or sea (Gen. 41:17).2. A Hebrew word which designates the mound raised against a besieged city (2 Sam. 20:15; 2 Kings 19:32; Isa. 37:33).3. A Greek word which, having
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
BANK.—1. In the parable of the Pounds, Christ upbraids the slothful servant because he had not I given his pound to the bank (ἐπὶ τράπεζαν), i.e. the office of the money-changers (Lk 19:23), who would have kept it safe, and also paid interest for it. ‘Bankers’ (τραπεζῖται) is used in RV of Mt 25:27
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BANKING Ancient Israel had no lending institutions or banks in the modern sense. Commercial transactions and the lending of credit were entirely in the hands of private individuals, landowners, and merchants. Contemporary cultures in Mesopotamia lent money or produced at interest (in some cases as much
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
banking. Banks and the banking business were first established in Israel after the exile. Previously, people generally buried their treasures and valuables (Josh. 7:21; cf. Matt. 13:44; Lk. 19:20). Palaces and temples were depositories of wealth. During the exile, the Jews learned the trading and banking
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BANKING. The simple economy of agrarian Israel did not need banks comparable to those in Mesopotamia where royal palaces and especially temples loaned money at interest for building projects, canal construction, mortgages, business enterprises, and foreign trade. According to the OT, money should be
Key passages
2 Mac 3:5–6

Not being able to overcome Onias, he went to Apollonius of Tarsus, the governor at that time of Coelesyria and of Phoenicia, and he reported about the unspeakably great wealth filling the treasury in Jerusalem, so that the abundance of the gifts was countless and that it was not offered to …

2 Mac 3:10–13

The high priest indicated that there were deposits both from widows and orphans, and also that a certain Hyrcanus the son of Tobias, a man exceeding in dignity, was storing some money there. It was not as the impious Simon misinformed, and the total amount was four hundred talents of silver …

2 Mac 4:42

For this reason the mob inflicted many casualties on them, and they slew some. All of them they drove to flight. Then they killed the temple robber himself near the treasury.

1 Esd 8:45–46

And I told them to go to Iddo, the leader in the place of the treasury, commanding them to discuss with Iddo and his brothers and the treasurers in the place to send us some to serve as priests in the house of our Lord.

See also
Topics & Themes