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Ban
Devoted • Herem • Taboo • Utterly Destroyed
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ban
Ban. Religious practice whereby those hostile to God are devoted to destruction. It is especially associated with Israel’s wartime tactics involving the total destruction of the Canaanites because of their wickedness and abominable practices (Ex 34:11–16; Dt 7:2; Jos 6:17).See Conquest and Allotment
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ban
Ban [Heb. bāḏal] (Ezr. 10:8); AV SEPARATE; NEB EXCLUDE. See Excommunication; Devote.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ban
BAN* Religious practice whereby those hostile to God are devoted to destruction. It is especially associated with Israel’s wartime tactics involving the total destruction of the Canaanites because of their wickedness and abominable practices (Ex 34:11–16; Dt 7:2; Jos 6:17).See also Conquest and Allotment
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ban
ban (Heb. kherem), dedication of persons or materials to God, which typically means destroying those materials (e.g., by fire), so that they will be unavailable for human use. The ban is closely connected to a warfare tactic whose practical consequence is to prohibit warriors taking items as booty (cf.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ban
BAN. The OT ban (Heb. ḥerem) denotes in practice to ‘ban, exterminate, consecrate to God’. Thus people devoted to idolatry as the *Canaanites (Ex. 23:31; 34:13; Dt. 7:2; 20:10–17) or places (Jericho, Jos. 6:17 21; cf. Dt. 2:34f.; Jos. 11:14) were to be destroyed. The ban was extended to an Israelite
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ban
BanHeb. ḥērem is not employed in a consistent manner within the OT. It sometimes appears as a voluntary practice undertaken by the Israelites (Lev. 27:28; Num. 21:2) and other times seems to be commanded by God (Deut. 20:17; Josh. 6:17–18). In general, there are many more occurrences in which God
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Taboo
TABOO חרםI. ḥērem occurs 29 times in the OT (Lohfink 1982:193–195, for distribution) and has been variously translated ‘ban’, ‘excommunication’, ‘taboo’, ‘a consecrated or contaminated object/person’. It appears in Jewish Aramaic as ḥirmāʾ, in Syriac as ḥermāʾ, and in Arabic as ḥaram, meaning
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Ban
Banban (Heb. ḥerem), dedication of persons or materials to God. References to the total destruction of towns or persons and their possessions, generally by fire, in consequence of such a dedication are concentrated in the ‘conquest’ era. The ban is connected (though not synonymous) with the taking
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Ban
BAN — a vow or pledge under which property or persons devoted to pagan worship were destroyed. The Levitical law stated, “No person under the ban [devoted to destruction, NIV] shall be redeemed, but shall surely be put to death” (Lev. 27:29). This was probably the authority under which Joshua destroyed
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BAN
BAN(A, [Βάν, Ban]; B, [Βαινάν, Bainan]; 1 Esdras 5:37 = Tobiah (Ezra 2:60; Nehemiah 7:62); some manuscripts of the Septuagint read [Βουά, Boua]): The descendants of Ban were not able to trace their ancestry to show “how they were of Israel.”
The Lutheran Cyclopedia
Ban
Ban, denoted in the civil law of the old German Empire, a declaration of outlawry; to put a prince under the ban of the empire was to divest him of his dignities and to interdict all intercourse and all offices of humanity with the offender. Sometimes whole cities were put under the ban, that is, deprived
Key passages
Le 27:28

However, anything devoted that a man has devoted to Yahweh from all that he has, from human or animal, or from the field of his property, may not be sold, and it may not be redeemed; anything devoted is a most holy thing for Yahweh.

Dt 7:2

and Yahweh your God will give them over to you and you defeat them, you must utterly destroy them; you shall not make a covenant with them, and you shall not show mercy to them.

Jos 6:17

The city and all that is in it will be devoted to Yahweh; only Rahab the prostitute and all who are with her in the house will live, because she hid the messengers whom we sent.