Balsam Trees
Balsam Tree
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Balsam Trees
Balsam Trees [Heb. bāḵā’; Gk. klauthmṓn] (2 S. 5:23f; 1 Ch. 14:14f); AV MULBERRY TREES; NEB ASPENS. In these passages, as probably in Lev. 23:40; 26:36; Ps. 137:2; Isa. 7:2 (see Willow), the references appear to be to a species of aspen, perhaps the Euphrates aspen (Populus euphratica Oliv.), which
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Balsam Tree
balsam tree, a tree of uncertain species, though a cedarlike conifer appears likely. In David’s fight with the Philistines at the Valley of Rephaim, a grove of balsam trees is given both literal and figurative value. God instructs David to mount an attack on Philistine positions from the rear “opposite
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Balsam Trees
Balsam Trees. Trees mentioned at 2 Sam. 5:23–24; 1 Chr. 14:14–15 (so RSV, JB, NIV; KJV “mulberry trees”). Heb. bāḵā˒ probably indicates the mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus L.), which is more of a shrub than a tree and secretes a milky sap. A prominent shrub in the Judean hill country, its
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Balsam Tree
balsam tree In one of the battles with the Philistines in the Valley of Rephaim, God instructed David to circle the enemy “and attack them in front of the balsam trees” (Heb. bākāʾ H1132). He was to wait until he heard “the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees” as an indication that God
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BALSAM [בִּכָאִיםbikhaʾim]. The assonance with the word for spice (bosem בֹּשֶׂם) may be the basis for tying this to BALM (tsiri צִרִי) in the NEB translation of Ezek 27:17. During a campaign against the Philistines in the Valley of Rephaim (southwest of Jerusalem), David is commanded to approach the
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