Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Plant product taking the form of an ointment applied for the purpose of medicinal healing or to provide a pleasant aroma (Gen 37:25; Gen 43:11; Jer 8:22; 46:11; 51:8; Ezek 27:17).
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
BALM. A historically convenient English translation of the Heb word ṣŏrı̂, found in the OT just 6 times, all with reference to a plant or a derived plant product. The modern botanical identification cannot be established precisely. The LXX translated the Heb word as the Gk rhētinē “resin of pine.”
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
balm, the resin or gum of the balsam tree (Commiphora gileadensis), which was used as a scent for oils and perfumes as well as a medicine to heal wounds (Jer. 8:22). The resin is collected naturally or by incision, and it hardens into small nodules. Often referred to as a “spice,” it was traded throughout
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
BalmA resinous plant exudate obtained through incisions in the bark (Heb. ṣĕrɩ̂/ṣ[rɩ̂). The Ishmaelites trade it with Egypt (Gen. 37:25), and Joseph receives it as a gift from Jacob (43:11). It also appears in a list of Judean exports to Tyre (Ezek. 27:17). While these references highlight the commercial
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Balm (from balsam, Heb. tzorı̂, tezrı̂) occurs in Gen. 37:25; 43:11; Jer. 8:22; 46:11; 51:8; Ezek. 27:17. (It is an aromatic plant, or the resinous odoriferous sap or gum which exudes from such plants.) It is impossible to identify it with any certainty. It may represent the gum of the Pistacia lentiscus,
Rosin. Properly “naphtha,” as it is both in the LXX and the Vulgate, as well as in the Peshito-Syriac. Pliny mentions naphtha as a product of Babylonia, similar in appearance to liquid bitumen, and having a remarkable affinity to fire.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Balmbalm, the resin or gum of the balsam tree (Commiphora gileadensis) which was used as a scent for oils and perfumes as well as a medicine to heal wounds (Jer. 8:22). The resin is collected naturally or by incision, and it hardens into small nodules. Often referred to as a ‘spice,’ it was traded