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Balance
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A type of scale commonly used to measure currency and commodities in the ancient world. It was composed of a horizontal bar with a plate at each end—one to hold the object to be weighed, the other to hold a counterweight. In the Bible, Yahweh calls for the people of Israel to use honest balances (Lev 19:36), and the imagery of a balance is used to symbolize justice and fair dealing (Job 31:6; Psa 62:9; Prov 11:1; 16:11). Several prophetic texts refer to the dishonest practice of buying by heavier weights and selling by lighter weights (e.g., Hos 12:7; Mic 6:11). One of the horsemen in the book of Revelation is holding a balance (Rev 6:5).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Balance
Balance (מֹאזְנַיִם‎, mozenayim). A type of scale commonly used to measure currency and commodities in the ancient world. It was composed of a horizontal bar with a plate at each end—one to hold the object to be weighed, the other to hold a counterweight. In the Bible, Yahweh calls for the people of Israel
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Balance, Balances
Balance, Balances. Devices used to weigh an object by opposing it with a known weight. Balances or scales have been used to measure weight at least since the middle of the second millennium bc. Pictures and inscriptions in Egyptian tombs give us an idea of the appearance of the earliest scales. A pair
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Balance
Balance [Heb. mō’znayim, the usual word, a dual form referring to the two scale pans; qāneh (Isa. 46:6), lit “reed” or “staff” and thus the beam of a balance; peles (Prov. 16:11; Isa. 40:12), a balance as being level; Gk. zygós, basically “yoke,” used of the beam of a balance in Rev. 6:5].The form
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Balance, Balances
BALANCE, BALANCES Devices used to weigh an object by opposing it with a known weight. Balances or scales have been used to measure weight since at least the middle of the second millennium bc. Pictures and inscriptions in Egyptian tombs give us an idea of the appearance of the earliest scales. A pair
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Balances
balances, instruments for weighing. They consisted of a central support and crossbeam from which two equally weighted pans were suspended by cords. From earliest times balances, probably at first handheld, must have been in use for the purpose of commercial transactions. Indeed, the balance is a symbol
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Balances
BALANCES. Three words are used to picture balances: qāneh, “cane, beam of the scales” (Isa 46:6 only); peles, “indicator, level beam of the scales” (Isa 40:12; Prov 16:11 only); and mō˒znayim), “a pair of pans, balances” (16 times). The only NT reference is zugos, “yoke of beam or the balance” (Rev
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Balances
BalancesAlthough modern coinage had developed in the Eastern Mediterranean by the 7th century b.c.e., coins were not widely circulated in the ancient Near East during OT days. Silver and gold, which were used as media of exchange, were weighed on balances (Jer. 32:10). Weights of stone or metal marked
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Balances
Balances. Reference to balances is found in Lev. 19:36. They were in common use, gold and silver being paid out and received by weight. Reference is also made in Micah 6:11; Hosea 12:7, to the dishonest practice of buying by heavier and selling by lighter weights.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Balances
BALANCES (Heb. mō˒znayim, i.e., “two scales”). That these were known to the early Hebrews and in common use is evident from the frequent reference to them in the OT (Lev. 19:36; Job 6:2; 31:6, “scales”; Hos. 12:7; etc.). The probability is that the Hebrews used the common balances of Egypt. They were
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Balance
Balanceoccurs in Lev. 19:36 and Isa. 46:6, as the rendering of the Hebrew kanch’, which properly means “a reed” or “a cane,” then a rod or beam of a balance. This same word is translated “measuring reed” in Ezek. 40:3, 5; 42:16–18. There is another Hebrew word, mozenaʾyim, i.e., “two poisers”, also
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Balances
Balancesbalances, instruments devised for weighing. They consisted of a central support and crossbeam from which two equally weighted pans were suspended by cords. From earliest times balances, probably at first hand held, must have been in use for the purpose of commercial transactions. Indeed the
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Balances
BALANCES — devices to measure weight. At the time of the Exodus and following, the Israelites probably used the common balances of Egypt. These balances consisted of a vertical stand and a horizontal crossbeam, from each end of which a pan was suspended.In the Bible, “balances” are often used in a figurative