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Balaam
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Balaam, Son of Beor
Balaam, Son of Beor (בִּלְעָם בֶּן־בְּע֗וֹר‎, bil'am ben-be'or). Son of Beor. A non-Israelite seer whom the Moabites hire to curse the Israelites as they travel from Egypt to the promised land.
Balaam, Son of Beor, Critical Issues
Balaam, Son of Beor, Critical Issues A discussion of the major topics dealt with in recent critical scholarship on the Balaam narratives.Critical scholarship has attempted to solve the paradox of Balaam as sinner and/or saint within the context of Num 22–24 (Coats, “Balaam: Sinner or Saint?”). Is this
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Balaam (Person)
BALAAM (PERSON) [Heb bilʿam (בִּלְעַם)]. A seer summoned by Balak, king of Moab, to curse Israel prior to its entrance into Canaan.A. Appearances in the OTB. Source Criticism, Numbers 22–24C. History of the Traditions1. The Priestly Account of Balaam2. The Second Grouping3. Oracles 3 and 4D. Literary
Jeshimon (Place)
JESHIMON (PLACE) [Heb yĕšı̂môn (יְשִׁימֹון)]. A “desert” or “wasteland”; used in the OT for both desert areas in general (Deut 32:10; Isa 43:19, 20; Psalms 68:7; 78:40; 106:14; 107:4) and specific locations (Num 21:20; 23:28; 1 Sam 23:19, 24; 26:1, 3).1. The rugged barren band of land parallel to
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Balaam
Balaam. Beor’s son, a prophet or soothsayer from northern Mesopotamia who was hired by a Moabite king, Balak, to curse the Israelites who had arrived at the Jordan Valley opposite Jericho after 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. Israel’s defeat of the Amorites (Nm 21:21–25) had instilled fear in
Desert
Desert. Empty waste place, often arid, sandy, and incapable of sustaining vegetable life, as for example the Negeb of southern Palestine. A desert frequently includes local areas where marginal life is possible. The most common Hebrew term for desert means “wilderness,” and is perhaps related to a verb
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Balaam
Balaam bāʹləm [Heb. bil‘ām—etymology disputed, perhaps ‘devourer’; Gk. Balaam]. A man of Pethor, a city in Mesopotamia lying S of Carchemish; the son of Beor. The narrative describing this enigmatic individual is contained in Nu. 22:2–24:25. Subsequent allusions to him are found in Nu. 31:8, 16; Dt.
Desert
Desert [Heb. miḏbār, arāḇâ, yešîmôn, ṣîyâ, ḥorbâ; Gk. erēmía, érēmos]; AV also WILDERNESS (esp for miḏbār), DRY PLACES (Ps. 105:41); NEB also DRY LAND, BARREN HEATH, PARCHED LAND, BARREN DESERT, “solitary places,” “lonely place”; AV translates yešîmôn as place name Jeshimon
Jeshimon (desert)
1. In the AV of Nu. 21:20; 23:28, and the NEB of 23:28, the desert N of the Dead Sea and E of the Jordan River. Pisgah overlooked this area, a bare and sterile land, saturated with salt and very little vegetation. In the RSV, and the NEB of 21:20, the word is translated “the desert.”
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Balaam
BALAAM Beor’s son, a prophet or soothsayer from northern Mesopotamia who was hired by a Moabite king, Balak, to curse the Israelites who had arrived at the Jordan Valley opposite Jericho after 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. Israel’s defeat of the Amorites (Nm 21:21–25) had instilled fear in
Desert
DESERT Empty waste place, often arid, sandy, and incapable of sustaining vegetable life, as for example the Negev of southern Palestine. A desert frequently includes local areas where marginal life is possible. The most common Hebrew term for desert means “wilderness” and is perhaps related to a verb
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Balaam
Balaam (bay´luhm), a non-Israelite prophet known from both biblical and extrabiblical sources as a person from the region of Transjordan skilled in divination. The biblical material is found mainly in Num. 22–24, but archaeologists have also unearthed a plaster inscription from ca. 700 bce that refers
Desert
desert, an area inhospitable to human habitation. In the Middle East, “absolute desert,” i.e., a region where rain almost never falls, is found only in the Sahara, the peninsula of Arabia, and Iran. The deserts of Israel, Syria, Transjordan, and Sinai are all “tame deserts,” with a little rain every
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Balaam
BALAAM. A prophet whose sin and failure made him an example to warn later ages (Num 22–24). Having defeated the Amorite kings Sihon and Og, and thus acquiring all the land from the Arnon to Mount Hermon, the Israelites settled in the plains of Moab to prepare for the invasion of Canaan. Though they had
Desert
A typical scene in the Wilderness of Judea. HFVDESERT. Various Heb. words are translated “desert” or “wilderness” in the KJV of the OT. Midbār, the most common, is found approximately 280 times. It is usually translated “wilderness” (q.v.) but 12 times is rendered “desert.” The word derives from
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Balaam
BALAAM. The name Bilām occurs 50 times in Nu. 22–24; it is mentioned also in Nu. 31:8, 16; Dt. 23:4–5; Jos. 13:22; 24:9–10; Ne. 13:2; Mi. 6:5. In the Greek of the NT the name is written Balaam (2 Pet. 2:15; Jude 11; Rev. 2:14). Whereas Albright, in his attempt to date the oracles of Balaam in the 12th
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Balaam
Balaam (Heb. bilʿām)A prophet referred to in the OT and NT as well as in an 8th-century b.c.e. plaster inscription from Tell Deir ʿAllā in Jordan; the book of Numbers contains the most extensive material. Balaam is first introduced in the biblical material when the Israelites approach the land of
Desert
DesertArid environment hostile to life. In the Bible, desert functions thematically as a place of revelation and a training ground for faith and obedience, in preparation for mission.Desert is an arid region (mean annual precipitation of 25 cm. [10 in.] or less), with sparse vegetation, few animals,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Balaam
Balaam [bāˊləm] (Heb. bil˒ām perhaps “devourer”). The son of Beor and resident of Pethor on the Euphrates (possibly Pitru on the Sajur river, a tributary of the Euphrates).
Desert
Desert. †A barren or partially barren geographical area, usually produced by low rainfall (e.g., the Sinai desert); also a symbol of aridity and desolation.The most common Hebrew word for “desert” is miḏbār (cf. Aram. dbr “bring the flock to the pasture”), indicating a barren area resembling
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Balaam
BALAAM A seer or prophet from Pethor in upper Mesopotamia, the son of Beor. Balaam was hired by Balak, king of Moab, to curse the Israelites while they were encamped upon the plain of Moab and preparing to enter Canaan (Num 22:5). At first, warned by God, Balaam refused to go, but after repeated pleas
Desert
DESERT Today, scientists define a desert as a place of arid conditions with annual rainfall of less than 10 inches (25 centimeters). Generally, vegetation, animal life, and water are scarce. The deserts in the Bible are all part of the vast Saharo-Arabian desert chain. The Sinai desert is described aptly
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Balaam
Ba´laam (b.c. 1451), the son of Beor, a man endowed with the gift of prophecy. Num. 22:5. He is mentioned in conjunction with the five kings of Midian, apparently as a person of the same rank. Num. 31:8; cf. 31:16. He seems to have lived at Pethor, Deut. 23:4; Num. 22:5, on the river Euphrates, in Mesopotamia.
Desert
Desert. Not a stretch of sand, an utterly barren waste, but a wild, uninhabited region. The words rendered in the Authorized Version by “desert,” when used in the historical books denote definite localities.1. Arabah. This word means that very depressed and enclosed region—the deepest and the hottest
See also
Relatives
Beor Father
Topics & Themes
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