Bake • Bread And Baking
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Bread And Baking
BREAD AND BAKING The cultivation of corn in the ancient Near East dates back to Neolithic times. In the biblical period bread made of barley or wheat was a staple food. Wheaten bread was used in religious ceremonials (Exod. 29:2) and at the king’s court (1 Kgs. 4:22).Although this is not clearly borne
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Bake. Reference to baking is found in Lev. 26:26; 1 Sam. 8:13; 2 Sam. 13:8; Jer. 7:18; 37:21; Hos. 7:4–7.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
BakeThe duty of preparing bread was usually, in ancient times, committed to the females or the slaves of the family (Gen. 18:6; Lev. 26:26; 1 Sam. 8:13); but at a later period we find a class of public bakers mentioned (Hos. 7:4, 6; Jer. 37:21).The bread was generally in the form of long or round cakes
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
BakingBaking is one of the commonplace household routines in the Bible that keeps us rooted in the everyday world. It assumes symbolic meanings when it is part of hospitality and worship practices, and it also becomes a full-fledged metaphor.Good baking is an indispensable element of biblical hospitality.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
bread and baking
bread and bakingThe people of various countries and cultures eat different kinds of bread, one of the most widely consumed foods in the world. Bread, which is often called the “staff of life,” makes up an essential part of a well-balanced diet. For years, particularly in Western nations, the baking
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Baking. The art of baking consists in heating anything in an oven or fire so as to harden it or prepare it for food. It is illustrated in the manufacture of bread, porcelain, pottery and bricks; but in Scripture it is usually associated with the manufacture of bread (Gen. 19:3; Ex. 16:23; Lev. 24:5;
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BAKING OT speaks most often of the baking of bread and cakes, which were the main part of the meal for Hebrews and Canaanites alike (Gen. 19:3; Exod. 12:39; Lev. 26:26; 1 Kings 17:12–13; Isa. 44:15). The bread of the presence (Lev. 24:5) and other offerings (Lev. 2:4–6) were also baked. See Bread; Bread
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BAKE [אָפָהʾafah]. Baking bread and cakes was one of the most important food-preparation activities undertaken in the Israelite household on a daily basis (Gen 19:3; Lev 26:26; 1 Sam 8:13; 2 Sam 13:8; 1 Kgs 17:12–13; Isa 44:15; Hos 7:4), even after commercial bakeries were established in larger towns
Key passages
Is 44:15

And it becomes fuel for a human, and he takes some of it and grows warm; also, he kindles a fire and bakes bread. Also, he makes a god and bows in worship; he makes himself an image and bows down to it!

Tob 8:19

And he made for them a wedding feast for fourteen days.