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Bacchides
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A governor and a friend of both Antiochus Epiphanes (175–164 bc) and Demetrius Soter (162–150 bc) (1 Macc 7:8). Bacchides conquered Judaea at the request of Demetrius. He did so on behalf of the high priest Alcimus, who had reported to Demetrius that Judas Maccabeus was stirring up trouble in Judea (2 Macc 14:3–7). Bacchides went to Judaea a second time after Judas Maccabeus killed the Syrian general Nicanor near Adasa (1 Macc 9:1). He defeated Judas, who fell in battle (1 Macc 9:18). After Alcimus died, Bacchides returned to Demetrius (1 Macc 9:56–7). The pro-Syrian Jews later convinced Bacchides to return to Judaea, but he was unsuccessful. He then made peace with Jonathan Maccabeus (1 Macc 9:68–72).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Bacchides
Bacchides (βακχίδης, bakchidēs). A governor and a friend of both Antiochus Epiphanes (175–164 bc) and Demetrius Soter (162–150 bc) (1 Macc 7:8). Bacchides conquered Judaea at the request of Demetrius. He did so on behalf of the high priest Alcimus, who had reported to Demetrius that Judas Maccabeus was
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Bacchides (Person)
BACCHIDES (PERSON) [Gk Bakchidē (Βακχιδη)]. An important supporter of Demetrius I (162–50 b.c.e.). He was ranked as a “friend of the king” and may have held this position already under Antiochus IV (Joseph Ant 12. 393). In the first stages of Demetrius I’s reign he was entrusted with the governorship
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bacchides
Bacchides bakʹə-dēz [GK. Bakchidēs]. Ruler over Mesopotamia and a faithful friend of both Antiochus Epiphanes and Demetrius Soter. He established at the request of the latter the rulership over Judea for Alcimus, who, desiring to become high priest, had made false accusations against Judas Maccabeus
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Bacchides
BACCHIDES Syrian general, governor of the Seleucid territories west of the Euphrates River. The area included Judea, which brought him into contact with five famous men of the intertestamental period: Demetrius I, ruler of the Seleucid kingdom (c. 160–150 bc); Alcimus (Hellenized name of Jakim or Eliakim),
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bacchides
Bacchides (Gk. Bakchidēs)A Syrian official whom Demetrius I Soter sent to Jerusalem as general of an army in 162 b.c.e. He installed Alcimus as high priest, gave him control of Judea, and returned to the king, leaving behind a protective force. Bacchides returned to Jerusalem in 161/0 when he defeated
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bacchides
Bacchides [băkˊə dēz] (Gk. Bakchidēs). Governor of the province Beyond the River, the district between Mesopotamia and Egypt, and faithful friend of the Seleucid king Demetrius I Soter (1 Macc. 7:8), who sent him to Judah to suppress the Maccabean revolt and make Alcimus high priest over the area.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Bacchides
BACCHIDES A Syrian leader of the time of Kings Demetrius I Soter (r. 162–150 b.c.) and Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175–164 b.c.). In 162 b.c. Bacchides was one of the commanders of the army that was sent by Antiochus V into Palestine. He installed Alcimus as high priest in Jerusalem and then returned to
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BACCHIDES
BACCHIDES<bak-i-dez>: [βακχίδης, Bakchides): Bacchides, ruler over Mesopotamia and a faithful friend of both Antiochus Epiphanes and Demetrius Soter, established at the request of the latter the rulership over Judea for Aleimus, who, desiring to become high priest, had made false accusations against
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Bacchides
Bacchides bak′uh-deez (Βακχίδης). A Seleucid official who figures prominently in 1 Maccabees (it is not certain whether the Bacchides mentioned in 2 Macc. 8:30 refers to the same person). Bacchides was a devoted friend and loyal servant of two Seleucid rulers. The first was Antiochus IV Epiphanes, during
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Bacchides
BACCHIDES, bakʹi-dēz (Βακχίδης, Bakchídēs): B., ruler over Mesopotamia and a faithful friend of both Antiochus Epiphanes and Demetrius Soter, established at the request of the latter the rulership over Judaea for Alcimus, who, desiring to become high priest, had made false accusations against Judas
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Bacchides
BacchidesBacchides was a friend of the Seleucid (Syrian) emperor Demetrius I, who appointed him governor of the region west of the Euphrates River (1 Macc. 7:8).In 161 bce Demetrius sent Bacchides to put down the revolt of Judas Maccabeus and establish Alcimus, the rival of Judas Maccabeus’s brother
Bacchides
Bacchides [bak-uh-dēz] (Βακχίδης, “Man of Bacchus [god of revelry]”): a friend of the Syrian emperor Demetrius I (1 Macc. 7:8)
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BACCHIDES
BACCHIDES bak´uh-deez [Βακχίδης Bakchidēs]. Bacchides was a general and friend of the Syrian king DEMETRIUS I (Soter), as well as the governor of the Seleucid territories that were either west of the Euphrates or in Mesopotamia (1 Macc 7:8–20; Josephus, Ant. 12.389–434). In 162 bce, at the beginning