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Babylonian Captivity
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The period between 587/6 and 539 bc, during which most of the people of Judah lived in captivity in Babylon or its territories. The likely time of composition of several books of the Hebrew Bible, and a formative event in the development of biblical theology.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Exile, Babylonian
Exile, Babylonian The period between 587/6 and 539 bc, during which most of the people of Judah lived in captivity in Babylon or its territories. The likely time of composition of several books of the Hebrew Bible, and a formative event in the development of biblical theology.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Babylonian Captivity
Babylonian Captivity. Period when many inhabitants of Judah, the southern kingdom, were exiled in Babylonia after Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest of Jerusalem (6th century bc).See Babylon, Babylonia; Exile; Israel, History of.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Babylonian Captivity
BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY* Period when many inhabitants of Judah, the southern kingdom, were exiled in Babylonia after Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest of Jerusalem (sixth century bc). See Babylon, Babylonia; Diaspora of the Jews.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Babylonian Captivity
BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY The name coined by the writer Petrarch (d. a.d. 1374) for the period of almost seventy years in Church history (1309–1377) during which the popes resided at Avignon in southern France, instead of at Rome. He compared the exile of the papacy to the Exile of the Jews in Babylon.
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Babylonian captivity
Babylonian captivity. The captivity in Babylon, whither under Nebuchadnezzar (604–562 bc) a significant proportion of the population of *Judah was deported in two batches c. 597 and c. 586 bc respectively (2 Kgs. 24:14–16; 25:11). Acc. to Ez. 1–2, they were permitted to return after the Persian ruler,
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Captivities of the Jews
Captivities of the Jews. The present article is confined to the forcible deportation of the Jews from their native land, and their forcible detention, under the Assyrian or Babylonian kings.Captivities of Israel.—The kingdom of Israel was invaded by three or four successive kings of Assyria. Pul or
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Babylonish Captivity
Babylonish Captivity. The seventy years that the Jews were captives in Babylon. They were made captives by Nebuchadnezzar, and released by Cyrus (b.c. 538).
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Captivity of the Jews
Captivity of the Jews.—The most famous captivities in history are those of the Jews in Egypt under the Pharaos; at Ninive under Salmanasar; and in Babylonia under Nabuchodonosor, in 606 b.c., who transported into Babylonia 18,000 Jews; in 599 b.c. a second and greater transportation took place; in 588
Pocket Dictionary of Church History: Over 300 Terms Clearly and Concisely Defined
Babylonian Captivity of the Church
Babylonian Captivity of the church. During the years 1309–1377, the center of the Western church (Roman Catholic Church) was moved from Rome to Avignon, France. In this period, the papacy came under the influence of French kings before being restored to Rome. This era was dubbed “the Babylonian Captivity”
Pocket Dictionary of the Reformed Tradition
Babylonian Captivity
Babylonian Captivity. This phrase, which alludes to the kingdom of Judah’s seventy years of captivity in ancient Babylon, was memorably used to refer to the period between 1309 and 1377 when the *papacy resided in Avignon, France, for political reasons before returning to Rome. The phrase should not
Key passages
2 Ki 1:1–2

Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. Ahaziah had fallen through the lattice in his upper room, which was in Samaria, and he was injured. So he sent messengers, and he said to them, “Go, inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, if I will survive …

2 Ki 24:6–25:30

So Jehoiakim slept with his ancestors, and Jehoiachin his son became king in his place. The king of Egypt did not again come out from his land, for the king of Babylon had taken, from the Wadi of Egypt to the Euphrates River, all that belonged to the king of Egypt. …

2 Ch 36:6–21

Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon went up against him, and he bound him with bronze fetters to bring him to Babylon. And Nebuchadnezzar brought to Babylon the objects of the house of Yahweh and put them into the temple in Babylon. Now the remainder of the words of Jehoiakim and the detestable …

Je 21:1–10

The word that came to Jeremiah from Yahweh when King Zedekiah sent to him Pashhur, the son of Malchiah, and Zephaniah, the son of Maaseiah, the priest, saying, “Please inquire of Yahweh on behalf of us, for Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon is fighting against us. Perhaps …

Je 24:1–25:14

Yahweh showed me, and look, there were two baskets of figs placed before the temple of Yahweh—after Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had deported Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, the king of Judah, with the officials of Judah, and the craftsmen, and the smiths, from Jerusalem …

Je 27:1–29:32

In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim, the son of Josiah, the king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying— thus said Yahweh to me—“Make for yourself fetters and yokes and put them on your neck, and …

Je 32:1–38:28

The word that came to Jeremiah from Yahweh in the tenth year of Zedekiah the king of Judah, that was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar. Now at that time the army of the king of Babylon was laying siege to Jerusalem and Jeremiah the prophet was confined in the courtyard …

Je 39:2–45:5

In the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, on the ninth day of the month, the city was taken by assault. And all the officials of the king of Babylon came and sat in the Middle Gate: Nergal-sharezer, Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim the chief officer, Nergal-sharezer the high official, with all …

Je 46:2

Concerning Egypt: Concerning the army of Pharaoh Neco, the king of Egypt, which was by the Euphrates River at Carchemish, which Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, the king of Judah.

Je 50:17

Israel is a sheep scattered, lions drove them away. The first who devoured it was the king of Assyria, and now at the end Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, gnawed its bones.”

Je 51:59–52:34

The word that Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah, the son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, at his going with Zedekiah, the king of Judah, to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. Now Seraiah was the quartermaster. And Jeremiah …

Eze 1:1–5:17

And it was in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, and I was in the midst of the exiles by the Kebar River. The heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God. On the fifth day of the month …

Eze 8:1–12:20

And then in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, I was sitting in my house, and the elders of Judah were sitting before me. And the hand of the Lord Yahweh fell on me there, and I saw, and look! A figure like the appearance …

Eze 14:1–11

And men from the elders of Israel came to me, and they sat before me. And the word of Yahweh came to me, saying, “Son of man, these men took up their idols into their heart and they placed before themselves a stumbling block of their guilt. …

Eze 20:1–44

And then in the seventh year, in the fifth month, on the tenth day of the month, men from the elders of Israel came to consult Yahweh, and they sat before me. And the word of Yahweh came to me, saying, “Son of man, speak with the elders of …

Eze 24:1–27

And the word of Yahweh came to me in the ninth year, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, saying, “Son of man, write for yourself the name of the day, this very day. The king of Babylon laid siege to Jerusalem on exactly this …

Eze 26:1–21

And it was in the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, the word of Yahweh came to me, saying, “Son of man, because Tyre said concerning Jerusalem, ‘Ah! The gates of the peoples are broken; it has swung open to me; I shall be filled, for it lies in …

Eze 29:1–21

In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the word of Yahweh came to me, saying, “Son of man, set your face against Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, and prophesy against him and against Egypt, all of it. Speak, and you must say, ‘thus …

Eze 30:20–32:32

And then in the eleventh year, in the first month, on the seventh day of the month, the word of Yahweh came to me, saying, “Son of man, the arm of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, I have broken. And look, it has not been bound up for giving of a remedy, or for the placing of a splint to …

Eze 33:21–33

And then it was in the twelfth year, in the tenth month, on the fifth day of the month of our exile, a survivor from Jerusalem came to me, saying, “The city was destroyed!” And the hand of Yahweh was on me on the evening before the coming of the survivor, and he opened my mouth before …

Eze 37:1–28

The hand of Yahweh was upon me, and he brought me by the Spirit of Yahweh, and he let me rest in the midst of the valley, and it was full of bones. And he led me all around over them, and look, very many on the surface of the valley, and …

Eze 40:1–48:35

In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city was destroyed, in this day exactly, the hand of Yahweh was on me, and he brought me there in visions from God. He brought me to the …

Da 1:1–3:30

In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. And the Lord gave Jehoiakim the king of Judah into his hand and some of of the utensils of the temple of God, and he brought …

Da 4:4–5:29

“I, Nebuchadnezzar, was content in my house and prospering in my palace. And I saw a dream and a revelation on my bed and it frightened me, and the visions of my head terrified me. And a decree was sent out, ordering that all the wise men …

Da 7:1–8:27

In the first year of Belshazzar the king of Babylon, Daniel saw a dream and visions of his head as he lay on his bed; then he wrote down the dream and the summary of the words as follows: Daniel explained and said, “I was looking in my …