The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Baalbek (Place)
BAALBEK (PLACE). A Canaanite, Phoenician, and Greco-Roman town and cult center in Lebanon, 53 miles (85 km) E NE of Beirut in the N part of the fertile Beqa valley, between the region’s 2 major mountain ranges. The cultus was dedicated chiefly to the Semitic god Baal (Hadad/Adad) in his capacity as a
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Baalbek balʹbek [‹ Ba‘al—‘lord’ + Biq‘â (valley)]. A site with impressive ruins, located in the Beqa‘, a large fertile area between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges, the watershed between the Orontes flowing north and the Litani flowing south. Baalbek is at an elevation of 3800 ft (1155m), the highest
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Baalbek (bay´uhl-bek), a city located in the Beqa‘a Valley of Lebanon. It was the site of the Roman Heliopolis cult, and the ruins of temples to Jupiter, Mercury, and Venus have been excavated. The Heliopolitan cult that was centered on those three deities became widespread throughout the Roman Empire.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Reconstruction of the temple complex at Baalbek in the National Museum, Beirut. Entrance through the massive propylea leads up to the temple of Jupiter. The temple of Bacchus stands on the left. HFVBAALBEK. A site of magnificent ruins, about 40 miles NW of Damascus in the Beqa’, the wide plain between
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
BaalbekA town situated near the source of the Orontes River, on the eastern edge of the fertile Beqaʿa Valley. Baalbek was named Heliopolis by the Greeks after the classical sun-deity, who was identified with Baal during the Hellenistic period. The Semitic name indicates an earlier occupation or shrine,
Heliopolis (Gk. hēlɩ́ou pólis)1. The Egyptian city On, capital of the 13th nome of Lower Egypt and center for worship of the sun-gods Atum and Re (cf. Jer. 43:13).2. Greek name for Baalbek.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Baalbek [bālˊbĕk]. A city in the Beqa˓ region of Coele-Syria (modern Lebanon), near the springs of the Orontes, at times identified (though never explicitly in the Old Testament) with the “valley of Aven” (Heb. biq˓āṯ-˒āwen, Amos 1:5). In the Old Testament it was a center of Baal worship; later
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Heliopolis; Baalbek
HELIOPOLIS; BAALBEK A city in the plain at the foot of the Anti-Lebanon, near the source of the Orontes. The ancient name Baalbek indicates a pre-Roman occupation, though no remains have been found and the earliest written sources are Roman. Attempts by various scholars to identify Baalbek with a town
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
BA´ALBEK (bāʹal-bek; Gk. Heliopolis, “city of the sun,” but distinct from three other sites whose names also have reference to the sun: Beth-shemesh, no. 4; the City of Destruction [Ir-hahares, KJV]; and On [all which see]).A popular ancient center of the worship of Baal in the region between Lebanon
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
BaalbekBaalbek (bahlʹbek), a city located in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon. It is the site of Roman Heliopolis and the ruins of temples for the triad of Jupiter, Mercury, and Venus (this is not the Heliopolis of Jer. 43:13, which was the Egyptian city of On). The Heliopolitan cult of Jupiter, Venus,
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BAALBEK [BAY uhl beck] — an ancient city of Lebanon, situated north of Damascus. The city is not mentioned in the Bible, but it was notable in Roman days.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Baalbek bay′uhl-bek (from Baal of Beqaʿ, “Lord of the Valley”). Ancient city in the Beqaʿ plain, which separates the Lebanon and Antilebanon mountains. Still known as Baalbek, it is located some 40 mi. ENE of Beirut. The Greek name for it was Heliopolis, “city of the sun” (to be distinguished from Heliopolis
See also
Places Nearby
Topics & Themes