Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
BAAL-SHAMEM בעל־שׁמם‎, בעל־שׁמיןI. The title ‘Lord of Heavens’, used for the various supreme gods in Syro-Palestine, Anatolia and Mesopotamia during the 2nd millennium bce, later became the name of a specific deity venerated throughout the Semitic world from the 1st millennium bce until the first four
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Beelsamen and Baal-Samen.—Assyrian deity, adored also at Carthage. It is believed that it was the sun, king of heaven, or the personification of heaven itself, the King-Heaven, the Uranus of the Greeks. At Carthage, they made a goddess thereof, identical with Minerva.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BAAL-SHAMEM [בעל שׁמםbʿl shmm; בעל שׁמןbʿl shmn]. A name meaning “Lord of Heaven” (Augustine, Quaest. Hept. 7.16: dominus coeli). The name does not appear in the OT. One of the earliest references to Baal-shamem occurs in a bilingual inscription from Karatepe, from which we learn that Baal-shamem is