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Baal-Berith
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baal-Berith
Baal-Berith (בַּעַל־בְּרִית‎, ba'al-berith); also El-Berith (אֵל־בְּרִית‎, el-berith). A deity worshiped at the city of Shechem. The name literally means “Lord of the Covenant.”
El-Berith
El-Berith (אֵל בְּרִית‎, el berith). A god worshiped at the temple at Shechem (Judg 9:46). Usually identified with the god Baal-Berith (Judg 8:33; 9:46), although it can be argued that Baal-Berith and El-Berith are two separate gods with two separate temples.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Baal-Berith (Deity)
BAAL-BERITH (DEITY) [Heb baʿal bĕrı̂t (בַּעַל בְּרִית)]. The phrase Baal-berith, “lord of the covenant,” which appears only in Judg 8:33 and 9:4 (a similar form “El Berith” occurs in Judg 9:46) has attracted many different interpretations. Albright, in his 1941 Ayer Lectures (ARI 110), thought that
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Baal-berith
Baal-berith. Pagan god worshiped in central Palestine around the city of Shechem (Jgs 9:1–4, 44–46). Baal-berith (“Lord of the Covenant”) was probably a local form of Baal, the leading Canaanite fertility god. During the period of the judges, the people of Israel turned from the Lord to worship the idols
El-berith
El-berith. Local god worshiped at Shechem (Jgs 9:46). He is usually identified with the god Baal-berith (Jgs 8:33; 9:4).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Baal-Berith
Baal-Berith bāl-bə-rithʹ [Heb. ba‘al berîṯ—‘lord of covenant’]. A deity also known as El-berith (Jgs. 9:46) and worshiped by the Israelites at Shechem (9:4) after Gideon’s death (8:33). Albright (ARI, p. 113) suggests that this deity belongs to “the sons of Hamor” (Josh. 24:32), since the slaying
El-Berith
El-Berith el-berʹith [Heb. ʾēl berîṯ; Gk. Baal diathḗkēs (Jgs. 9:46). A Canaanite deity, known also as Baal-Berith, whose temple was at Shechem.Cross regards the name as a specific epithet of the patriarchal god El (TDOT, I, 250). He refers to the Hurrian hymn to ʾEl (Ugaritica, V, 510ff),
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Baal-Berith
BAAL-BERITH Pagan god worshiped in central Canaan around the city of Shechem (Jgs 9:1–4, 44–46). Baal-berith (“lord of the covenant”) was probably a local form of Baal, the leading Canaanite fertility god. During the period of the judges, the people of Israel turned from the Lord to worship the idols
El-Berith
EL-BERITH* Local god worshiped at Shechem (Jgs 9:46). He is usually identified with the god Baal-berith (8:33; 9:4).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Baal-Berith
BAAL-BERITH (Heb. ba‘al berîṯ, ‘Lord of the covenant’). The Canaanite Baal-deity worshipped originally at Shechem (Jdg. 8:33; 9:4), probably to be equated with El-berith (Jdg. 9:46). The capture of Shechem by Joshua is nowhere recorded; it came under Habiru control in the 14th century bc and was probably
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Baal-Berith
Baal-Berith (Heb. baʿal bĕrɩ̂ṯ)The name or title of a deity worshipped by the Israelites after Gideon’s death (Judg. 8:33) whose temple was at Shechem (9:4). Baal could be the Canaanite deity Hadad, known from Ugaritic and biblical texts, or the phrase could also be a title, “Lord or Master of the
El-Berith
El-Berith (Heb. ʾēl bĕrɩ̂ṯ)A Canaanite deity (“El [or God] of the covenant”) worshipped at Shechem (Judg. 9:46).See Baal-berith.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Baal-Berith
Baal-Berith [bāl bĭrˊĭth] (Heb. ba˓al berîṯ “lord of covenant”). A Canaanite deity worshipped by the inhabitants of Shechem during the reign of Abimelech the son of Gideon (Judg. 8:33; 9:4). Abimelech became king over Shechem by means of a covenant, through which he was given seventy pieces of
El-Berith
El-Berith [ĕl bĭrˊĭth] (Heb. ˓ēl berîṯ “El [or God] of the covenant”). A Canaanite deity worshipped at Shechem (Judg. 9:46; KJV “Berith”). See Baal-berith.
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Baal-Berith
BAAL-BERITH, בעל ברית‎, אל בריתI. Baal-berith (‘Baal of the Covenant’; Judg 8:33 and 9:4) and El-berith (‘El of the Covenant; Judg 9:46) occur only in the Book of Judges as specifications of the Canaanite fertility gods →Baal and →El of Shechem, an ancient Canaanite city in the hill country between Mount
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Baal-Berith
BAAL-BERITH (Hebrew, “Lord of the Covenant”) A Canaanite god worshipped in the city of Shechem (Judg 9:4). Baal-berith was venerated by the Israelites after the death of Gideon (Judg 8:33).
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Baal-Berith
Baal-Berithcovenant lord, the name of the god worshipped in Shechem after the death of Gideon (Judg. 8:33; 9:4). In 9:46 he is called simply “the god Berith.” The name denotes the god of the covenant into which the Israelites entered with the Canaanites, contrary to the command of Jehovah (Ex. 34:12),
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BAAL-BERITH
BAAL-BERITH<ba-al-be’-rith> בַּעַל בְּרִית‎ [bàal berith] = “Baal of the Covenant”): An idol worshipped by the Shechemites after Gideon’s death (Judges 8:33), as protector and guardian of engagements. His temple is also referred to in Judges 9:4.See BAAL. (1).
See also