Avenger • Repay • Reprisal • Retaliation • Revenge • Revengefully • Revenger
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Avenge [Heb. nāqam, nāqam neqāmâ (Nu. 31:2), nāṯan neqāmâ, yāšā‘ (1 S. 25:33), dāraš, rîḇ (1 S. 25:39), śîm (1 K. 2:5); Gk. ekdikéō, poiéō ekdíkēsin (Acts 7:24)]; AV also REQUIRE (1 Ch. 24:22), “cleanse” (Joel 3:21; RSV emends nāqâ to nāqam), TAKE VENGEANCE (Jgs. 11:36),
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
avenger, one who extracts satisfaction from or punishes a wrongdoer. In the ancient Near East, reliance on avengers to ensure justice was evident when strong governmental authority was lacking. In some biblical texts, blood vengeance, the execution of a murderer by the avenger, is recognized as a custom
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Revenge, Revenger
REVENGE, REVENGER. These words are used in the sense of righting or avenging a wrong, or of the one who avenges a wrong. The revenger of blood (gō˒ēl haddām; cf. “avenger of blood,” ASV and RSV) was a near relative who by ancient law was permitted to slay the murderer of a member of his family (Num
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
AVENGER גמרI. In Ps 57:3 the designation Elohim →Elyon occurs in parallelism with “the god who avenges me”. Dahood took the expression ʾēl gōmēr to be a reminiscence of a divine name Gomer El (1953). He translated the expression as ‘the Avenger El’ (1968: 49).II. The root gmr is well attested in
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Avenge, Avenger
AVENGE, AVENGER. These words are often used in the sense of to avenge a wrong, or the one who brings punishment (see Blood, Avenger of). This is the meaning in Num. 35:19–27; 2 Sam. 14:11; Ps. 79:10; Jer. 15:15. The civil magistrate is called by Paul “a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath upon
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
REVENGE — inflicting punishment or harm on another to pay back for an injury or insult. Revenge was a way of life among the Hebrew people in Old Testament times. But Jesus taught that we should love our enemies (Luke 6:27).
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
AvengerThe word avenger evokes the notion of revenge or of setting matters right. It appears in the Bible in both a legal or civil sense as a code that governs human behavior, and in a theological sense as a picture of God’s judgment and salvation. To a guilty person being pursued, the avenger is a
Vengeance/Revenge, Stories of
Vengeance/Revenge, Stories ofBefore the human race developed the civilized institution of the court of justice, people attempted to settle questions of retribution by means of private revenge. The danger of this system of justice is that the aggrieved party is generally too subjectively involved to
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
AVENGE; AVENGER<a-venj’> <a-venj’-er>: Avenge. — The general idea connected with this word is that of inflicting punishment upon the wrongdoer. Since emphasis may be placed upon the deed itself, the wrongdoer, or the injured party, the verb is found an intransitive (only Leviticus 19:18; see below),
REVENGE; REVENGER<re-venj’>, <re-venj’-er>: The same Hebrew and Greek words are used to express the idea of “to avenge” and “to revenge” ([נָקַם‎, naqam], or derivative; [ἐκδικέω, ekdikeo], or derivative). In English these words are synonymous in that they are both used to express the infliction
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Re-vengeʹ [returning evil for evil], is expressly forbidden by the word of God (Lev. 19:17, 18; Rom. 12:19, 20; 1 Pet. 3:9). When God is spoken of in Scripture as the avenger or revenger (2 Sam. 22:48; Nah. 1:2; 1 Thess. 4:6) the reference is to the infinite holiness and justice with which he administers
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
RETALIATION (Mt 5:38–48, Lk 6:27–45).—1. The lex talionis must have been part of the most primitive Semitic law, as it was current in almost identical words in Babylon and Canaan. The Code of Hammurabi prescribes (§§ 196, 200): ‘If a man has caused the loss of a gentleman’s eye, his eye shall one cause
Holman Treasury of Key Bible Words: 200 Greek and 200 Hebrew Words Defined and Explained
RepayHebrew expression: natanPronunciation: naw TAHNStrong’s Number: 5414Key VersesPsalm 28:4; Ezekiel 7:3–4, 8–9To repay someone usually carries negative connotations—meaning something like “payback time,” “revenge,” or “settle the account.” The Hebrew word natan has a very broad range of meanings;
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Revenge, Revenger
REVENGE, rē̇-venjʹ, REVENGER, rē̇-venjʹẽr: The same Heb and Gr words are used to express the idea of “to avenge” and “to revenge” (נָקַם‎, nāḳam, or derivative; ἐκδικέω, ekdikéō, or derivative). In Eng. these words are synonymous in that they are both used to express the infliction of punishment
See also
Topics & Themes