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Aven
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Aven
Aven (אָ֫וֶן‎, awen). A valley mentioned in Amos’ oracle against Syria (Amos 1:5). It could be the same place as the Aven mentioned in Hos 10:8, but this is unlikely since other mentions of Aven in the book of Hosea usually refer to Beth-aven.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Aven (Place)
AVEN (PLACE) [Heb ʾāwen (אָוֶן)]. A Hebrew word meaning “idolatry,” “iniquity,” or “nothingness” used by the OT prophets as a derogatory substitute or wordplay in certain place names. Since the Hebrew words ʾôn (“power” or “riches”) and ʾāwen have identical consonants, Aven may be a derisive pun.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Aven
Aven. 1. Term used by Ezekiel to describe On (Heliopolis), center of worship of the Egyptian sun god Ra (Ez 30:17). The Hebrew word aven (“wickedness”) was a play on the name On in a prophecy against the idolatry and wickedness of Egypt.See Heliopolis.2. Epithet for Bethel (Hos 10:8), shortened from
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Aven
AVEN1. Term used by Ezekiel to describe On (Heliopolis), center of worship of the Egyptian sun god Ra (Ez 30:17). The Hebrew word aven (“wickedness”) was a play on the name On in a prophecy against the idolatry and wickedness of Egypt. See Heliopolis.2. Epithet for Bethel (Hos 10:8), shortened from
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Aven (Valley)
Aven (ay´ven; Heb., “evil power”).1 A term used to describe Bethel in Hosea’s indictment (10:9). As such, it was an abbreviation for Beth-aven (“house of wickedness”), a pejorative term for Bethel used in Hos. 4:15; 5:8; 10:5. See also Beth-aven.2 A derisive term for a valley mentioned in Amos 1:5.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Aven
AVEN1. Aven is the name applied by Ezekiel (Ezk 30:17) to the famous Egyptian worship center of On (Gen 41:45), also called Heliopolis. As he prophesied of the desolation to be visited by God upon Egypt, this world renowned city for the worship of Ra the Sun-god is described by the prophet as Aven—“nothingness.”
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Aven
AVEN. 1. Abbreviated (Ho. 10:8) for *Beth-aven, epithet of Bethel (Ho. 4:15, etc.). 2. In Am. 1:5, probably the Beqa‘valley between Lebanon and Anti-lebanon in the Aramaean kingdom of Damascus. 3. For Ezk. 30:17, see *On.K. A. Kitchen.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Aven
Aven (Heb. ʾāwen)1. An abbreviation of Beth-aven, the pejorative nickname (“House of Wickedness”) of the town and sanctuary of Bethel (“House of God”; Hos. 10:8; cf. Jer. 4:15). Amos first coined the derogatory pun (Amos 5:5), and Hosea embraced it (Hos. 4:15; 10:5).2. A derisive epithet for an Aramaean
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Aven
A´ven (nothingness).1. The “plain of Aven” is mentioned by Amos (1:5) in his denunciation of Syria and the country to the north of Palestine. This Aven is by some supposed to be the once magnificent Heliopolis, “city of the sun,” now Baalbek (Bäl´bek) of Cœle-Syria, whose ruins are one of the wonders
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Aven
A´VEN (aʹven; “nothingness, vanity,” an “idol”).1. The popular name of Heliopolis, in Lower Egypt, probably selected intentionally in the sense of an idol city (Ezek. 30:17, marg.) because On-Heliopolis was from time immemorial one of the principal seats of the Egyptian worship of the sun and possessed