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Ave Maria
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The Latin name for a noncanonical prayer used since the 11th century. Sometimes called the “Angelical Salutation.” The “Ave Maria” takes its name from its Latin incipit, which is translated “Hail, Mary.” It was first composed of two biblical greetings of Mary found in Luke 1 (Luke 1:28, 42), which in the Greek function as a type of greeting.Since the 15th century, the prayer has had a three-part composition consisting of:1. the Vulgate’s rendering of Gabriel’s greeting to Mary (Luke 1:28);2. the Vulgate’s rendering of Elizabeth‘s greeting to Mary (Luke 1:42; see also Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew 9);3. a prayer for the Virgin’s intercession.Only Luke records the hymns related to Ave Maria, which are often referred to by their Latin names (Borland, “Luke,” 86, 90n13):• Ave Maria (Gabriel; Luke 1:28, 42);Magnificat (Mary; Luke 1:46–55);Benedictus (Zechariah; Luke 1:68–79);• Gloria in Excelsis (the angels to the shepherds; Luke 2:14);Nunc Dimittis (Simeon; Luke 2:29–32).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ave Maria
Ave Maria The Latin name for a noncanonical prayer used since the 11th century. Sometimes called the “Angelical Salutation.” The “Ave Maria” takes its name from its Latin incipit, which is translated “Hail, Mary.” It was first composed of two biblical greetings of Mary found in Luke 1 (Luke 1:28, 42),
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ave Maria
Ave Maria [äˊvā mä rēˊä].* The “Hail Mary” or Angelic Salutation, a prayer to the Virgin Mary based on the greetings of Gabriel and Elizabeth (Luke 1:28, 42). Its liturgical use can be traced to the fifth century; it was introduced into the mass for the feast of the Annunciation in the seventh
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Hail Mary
Hail Mary (Lat. Ave Maria; also known as the Angelic Salutation). The form of prayer to the BVM, based on the greetings of *Gabriel (Lk. 1:28) and *Elizabeth (Lk. 1:42). In its modern form it is as follows: (1) ‘Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: Blessed art thou among women, and blessed
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Ave Maria
AVE MARIA (aʹvā ma-rēʹa; “Hail Mary”).1. The words of the angel Gabriel to the virgin Mary, when announcing the incarnation (Luke 1:28), as rendered by the Vulg.2. The familiar prayer, or form of devotion, in the Roman Catholic church, called also the “Angelical Salutation.” It consists of three
A Catholic Dictionary
Ave Maria
ave maria. This familiar prayer, called also the Angelical Salutation, consists of three parts—(1) the salutation of the Archangel Gabriel, Ave [Maria] gratia plena, Dominus tecum; benedicta tu in mulieribus; (2) the words of Elizabeth to our Lady, et benedictus fructus ventris tui; (3) an addition made
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Ave Maria
Ave Mari′a [Hail, Mary!] (Ave, 2 syl.). The first two words of the angel’s salutation to the Virgin Mary. (Luke 1:28.) In the Roman Catholic Church the phrase is applied to an invocation to the Virgin beginning with those words; and also to the smaller beads of a rosary, the larger ones being termed
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Ave Maria
Ave Maria or the “Angelical Salutation.” Catholics, after having said the “Our Father,” almost invariably add the “Ave Maria.” It has always been customary among Christians to imitate the example of the archangel Gabriel, and salute our Blessed Lady in his words. The devotion to Mary was not introduced
Pocket Dictionary of Liturgy & Worship
Ave Maria
Ave Maria. Latin meaning “Hail, Mary,” a *prayer to the Virgin *Mary, with elements taken from the blessings declared for her by the angel Gabriel and by her kinswoman Elizabeth in the Gospel of Luke (Lk 1:28, 42). The text is comprised of two parts, the first established in the eleventh century and
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
Ave Maria
AVE MARIA.—This well-known devotion of the Latin Church is based upon the salutations addressed to the Virgin Mary by the angel Gabriel and by Elisabeth the mother of John the Baptist (Lk 1:28, 42). Its earlier and shorter form follows closely the words of Scripture, with the addition only of the names
Dictionary of Theological Terms
Ave Maria
Ave MariaLatin for “Hail Mary,” the angel Gabriel’s salutation to the virgin Mary when he visited her to tell her that she would miraculously conceive a Son (Luke 1:28). The Roman Catholic church has turned an angelic salutation into an idolatrous supplication. The Hail Mary is:“Hail Mary, full of
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
AVE MARIA
AVE MARIA. Lat., “Hail Mary.” A well-known prayer based on the words with which the angel GABRIEL (Luke 1:28) and ELIZABETH (Luke 1:42) greet Mary, the mother of Jesus.The evolution of the prayer occurred over several centuries. Ancient juxtaposition of the Lukan texts is evidenced in the East by the