Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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AVARAN (PERSON) [Gk Auaran (Αὐαραν)]. Nickname of Eleazar, the 4th son of Mattathias (1 Macc 2:5). His well-known heroic deed was the killing of an elephant at the battle of Beth-zechariah (1 Macc 6:46). There also his nickname is mentioned (1 Macc 6:43). Several suggestions have been proposed for the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
AVARAN, avʹa-ran: A surname of Eleazar, the third son of Mattathias (1 Macc 2:5). It is doubtfully conjectured that Eleazar received this surname from the episode related in 1 Macc 6:43–46; the word may mean “the piercer,” referring to his stabbing of the elephant. Some connect it with חוּר, ḥūr, “to
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture