Maccabees, Third Book of the An account of events in Ptolemy IV Philopator’s reign. Contains many of the same themes as 2 Maccabees—at times it also contains an exact plot sequence. An important depiction of Jewish settlement in Egypt.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Maccabees, Fourth Book of, a work composed in memory of the martyrs mentioned in 2 Macc. 6–7. Its theme is the rule of religious reason and the four cardinal virtues—prudence, temperance, courage, and justice—over the emotions. The priest Eleazar and the seven brothers who are tortured and killed along
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
MACCABEES, FOURTH BOOK OF [Μακκαβαίων ΔMakkabaiōn D]. The title of the work reflects the tendency to group this text with the other books of the “Maccabees” in the major codices of the LXX based on the author’s attention to the martyrs who died prior to the full-fledged outbreak of the Maccabean Revolt,