The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Attharias (Ατθαριας, Attharias). An individual who assisted Nehemiah in supervising the priests (1 Esdras 5:40).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Attharias (Person)
ATTHARIAS (PERSON) [Gk Attharias (Ἀτθαριας)]. In 1 Esdr 5:40 this term appears as the proper name of an individual who, with Nehemiah supervised the priests. However, comparison of this passage with the parallels in Ezra 2:63 and Neh 7:65 reveals that this may be a textual alteration in the transmission
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Attharias a-thə-rīʹəz [GK. Attharias] (1 Esd. 5:40); AV ATHARIAS; NEB “the governor.” An official under Nehemiah who had supervision of the priests during the return from exile; or a title of Nehemiah himself. Cf. Ezr. 2:63, RSV and NEB “the governor”; AV “the Tirshatha.” See Attharates.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ATTHARIAS Greek transliteration of the Persian title, Tirshatha, meaning “governor” (1 Esd 5:40; cf. Ezr 2:63).
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Attharias [ath-uh--us]: a priest who, along with Nehemiah, commanded the priests of the temple (1 Esd. 5:40)
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ATTHARIAS ath´uh-ri´uhs [Ἁτθαρίας Hattharias]. Title in 1 Esd 5:40 for Nehemiah or for the Persian governor who joined Nehemiah.