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Attharates
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The name or title of an official who told Ezra and the Levites that the reading of the Law was an occasion for rejoicing (1 Esdras 9:49). The parallel passage in Neh 8:9 reads “governor” (תִּרְשָׁתָא‎, tirshatha'), suggesting that “Attharates” may have been a reference to an official, perhaps via transliteration. The governor being referenced would be Nehemiah.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Attharates
Attharates (Ατταρατης, Attaratēs). The name or title of an official who told Ezra and the Levites that the reading of the Law was an occasion for rejoicing (1 Esdras 9:49). The parallel passage in Neh 8:9 reads “governor” (תִּרְשָׁתָא‎, tirshatha'), suggesting that “Attharates” may have been a reference
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Attharates (Person)
ATTHARATES (PERSON) [Gk Attaratēs (Ἀτταρατης)]. Official who participated in the assembly of the returned exiles when Ezra read the law of Moses to the people (1 Esdr 9:49–52). His prominence among the exiles is suggested by the text recording the blessing he gave to those who responded to Ezra’s reading.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Attharates
Attharates ə-thärʹə-tēz [GK. Attaratēs] (1 Esd. 9:49); NEB “the governor.” A Greek rendering of the Persian title Tirshatha, “governor,” which in Neh. 8:9 is applied to Nehemiah, probably by a later editor (Heb. hatiršāṯāˊ).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Attharates
ATTHARATES Persian word meaning “governor” (Neh 8:9). “Attharates” is a corrupt form of the title Tirshatha, rendered as a proper name in a parallel verse in the Apocrypha (1 Esd 9:49). See Tirshatha.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ATTHARATES
ATTHARATES<a-thar’-a-tez>: A title assigned to Nehemiah, probably by a later editor (Nehemiah 8:9). The Septuagint omits the title; the Vulgate (Jerome’s Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) gives “Athersatha”; the King James Version reads “Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha.” Tirshatha is the Persian title
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Attharates, Attharias
Attharates, Attharias ath′uh-ray′teez, ath′uh-ri′uhs (Ατταρατης, Ατθαριας). An individual (or two individuals) associated with Ezra and Nehemiah (1 Esd. 5:40 [KJV, “Atharias”; NRSV, “Attharias”]; 9:49 [KJV and NRSV, “Attharates”]). These names, however, are probably variant representations of the Persian
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Attharates
ATTHARATES, a-tharʹa-tēz: A title assigned to Nehemiah, probably by a later editor (Neh 8:9). The LXX omits the title; the Vulg gives “Athersatha”; AV reads “Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha.” Tirshatha is the Pers title for a local or provincial governor (Neh 8:9 = 1 Esd 9:49). See Tirshatha.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ATTHARATES
ATTHARATES ath´uh-ray´teez [Ἁτταρατής Hattaratēs, Ἁτθαράτης Hattharatēs]. In Codex Alexandrinus, the governor who exhorted the returning exiles to celebrate (1 Esd 9:49–53). Corruption of title “tirshatha.”