The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Atonement The means of reconciliation between God and people. Emerges in the Old Testament as part of the sacrificial system; reframed exclusively around the person and work of Jesus Christ in the New Testament.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Atonement. In Christian thought, the act by which God and man are brought together in personal relationship. The term is derived from Anglo-Saxon words meaning “making at one,” hence “at-one-ment.” It presupposes a separation or alienation that needs to be overcome if human beings are to know God and
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Atone; Atonement
Atone; Atonement [Heb. kāp̱ar—‘cover,’ kippurîm—‘coverings’]; AV also RECONCILE (Lev. 6:30; 16:20; Ezk. 45:20), RECONCILIATION (Lev. 8:15; Ezk. 45:15, 17; Dnl. 9:24), PURGE (Prov. 16:6; Ezk. 43:20, 26), PUT OFF (Isa. 47:11); NEB EXPIATE, EXPIATION (but “Day of Atonement” in Lev. 23:27; 25:9), also
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ATONEMENT In Christian thought, the act by which God and man are brought together in personal relationship. The term is derived from Anglo-Saxon words meaning “making at one,” hence “at-one-ment.” It presupposes a separation or alienation that needs to be overcome if human beings are to know God and
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
atonement, the means by which the chain of guilt and punishment produced by violation of God’s will is broken and the resulting state of reconciliation (“at-one-ment”) with God is achieved. The character of atonement varied greatly in ancient Near Eastern religion, depending on concepts of the deity,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ATONEMENT. The word “atonement” is an Anglo-Saxon term which has the force of “at-one-ment,” a “making at one.” It speaks of a process of bringing those who are enemies into harmony and unity, and thus it means reconciliation.In the NT, the Gr, katallagē, “reconciliation,” is once translated “atonement”
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ATONEMENT. The word ‘atonement’ is one of the few theological terms which derive basically from Anglo-Saxon. It means ‘a making at one’, and points to a process of bringing those who are estranged into a unity. The word occurs in the OT to translate words from the kpr word group, and it is found once
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
AtonementReconciliation between estranged parties, bringing them into agreement. The focus is the universal problem of sin, which humankind is unable to solve, and which disrupted the perfect harmony between God and creation, causing separation (Isa. 59:2) and death (Rom. 5:12; 6:23). Atonement, therefore,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Atone, Atonement
Atone, Atonement. Originally the English word “atonement” meant “the quality of being at one (with).” Later it came to refer to human reunion with God through Christ. The Hebrew and Greek terms designate the manner in which Christ puts the sinner in the right relationship with God.
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Atonement (i.e. ‘at-one-ment’). In Christian theology, man’s reconciliation with God through the sacrificial death of Christ.The need for such reconciliation is implicit in the OT conception of God’s absolute righteousness, to which nothing impure or sinful can approach. Its achievement is here represented
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
ATONEMENT (Heb. kaphar, to “cover, cancel”; Gk. katallagē, “exchange, reconciliation”).
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
AtonementAs the work of reconciliation wrought by God in Christ, atonement has been central in the Reformed tradition. Interpretations of this saving deed have ranged form an encompassing at-one-ment of God and the world accomplished by a manifold ministry of Christ (the threefold office) to a delimited
Key passages
Le 16:29–34

“And this shall be a lasting statute for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth of the month, you must deny yourselves and you must not do any work, whether the native or the alien who is dwelling in your midst, because on this day he shall make atonement for you to cleanse you; you must …

Is 53:4–12

However, he was the one who lifted up our sicknesses, and he carried our pain, yet we ourselves assumed him stricken, struck down by God and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, crushed because of our iniquities; the chastisement for our peace was upon him, and …

Mt 26:26–28

Now while they were eating Jesus took bread and, after giving thanks, he broke it, and giving it to the disciples, he said, “Take, eat, this is my body.” And after taking the cup and giving thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you, for this is …

Ro 5:6–8

For while we were still helpless, yet at the proper time Christ died for the ungodly. For only rarely will someone die on behalf of a righteous person (for on behalf of a good person possibly someone might even dare to die), but God demonstrates his own love for us, in that while we were still …

1 Co 15:3

For I passed on to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures,

Heb 9:12–14

and not by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood, he entered once for all into the most holy place, obtaining eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow sprinkled on those who are defiled sanctify them for the ritual purity of the flesh, how …

Re 5:9–10

And they were singing a new song, saying, “You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slaughtered, and bought people for God by your blood from every tribe and language and people and nation, and made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they will reign …