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Athens
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The political and intellectual capital of the Attic region of Greece. Makes its sole biblical appearance in the book of Acts, where Paul delivers a sermon to the Athenians on the Areopagus (or Mars Hill) in ad 51.Athens had great influence in the Graeco-Roman world of the New Testament. It was an influential polis (“city-state”) from the Mycenean Era (ca. 1600–1200 bc) until the emperor Justinian closed the philosophical academies of Greece in ad 529 (Watts, City and School, 130–132; Hammond, A History of Greece, 60, 65). The eventual relationship between Greece and Rome ensured that Athens’ influence outlasted its political and economic clout (Habicht, Athens from Alexander to Antony, 98–99; Watts, City and School, 79–110).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Athens
Athens (Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai). The political and intellectual capital of the Attic region of Greece. Makes its sole biblical appearance in the book of Acts, where Paul delivers a sermon to the Athenians on the Areopagus (or Mars Hill) in ad 51.Athens had great influence in the Graeco-Roman world of the New
Athens, Critical Issues
Athens, Archaeology of (Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai). Surveys what is known about Athenian culture from archaeological remains and some literature.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Athens (Place)
ATHENS (PLACE) [Gk Athēnai (Ἀθηναι)]. ATHENIAN. The polis (city-state) of the Athenians which unified the peninsula of Attica at an early date, thereby creating a political entity geographically defined by sea and mountain with an area of approximately 1,000 square miles. The most prominent topographical
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Athens
Athens. Capital of modern Greece and for centuries chief city of the province of Attica. Athens’ famous landmark is the Acropolis, a steep flat rock that rises about 200 feet above the plain around it and which still holds several masterpieces of architecture. Walls dating from 1100 bc indicate an advanced
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Athens
Athens athʹenz [GK. Athēnai]. The most important city of Attica in antiquity, the capital of the same district in NT times, and the capital of the Republic of Greece in the modern era. The name has been derived, so it would seem, from that of the patron goddess Athena.The city of Athens is important
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Athens
ATHENS Capital of modern Greece and for centuries chief city of the province of Attica. Athens’ famous landmark is the Acropolis, a steep flat rock that rises about 200 feet (61 meters) above the plain around it and which still holds several masterpieces of architecture. Walls dating from 1100 bc indicate
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Athens
Athens (ath´inz), a major city in ancient Greece and later the Roman provincial capital of Attica (2 Macc. 9:15; Acts 17:15–18; 18:1; 1 Thess. 3:1). The name “Athens” antedates the arrival of the Indo-European peoples in Greece (ca. 2000 bce). The city stands on a site that has been continuously inhabited
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Athens
ATHENSGeography. Athens was the political, cultural, and economic center of Attica in eastern Greece. The Athenian city-state was co-extensive with the roughly triangular 1000-square mile peninsula of Attica (about equal to Rhode Island). Located about four miles from the Aegean, Athens was served during
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Athens
ATHENS. Acts 17:15–34; 1 Thes. 3:1. In the 5th and 4th centuries bc Athens was famous for its culture, the home of great dramatists, and of great philosophers like Plato and Aristotle. After the Roman conquest of Greece, Athens became a civitas foederata (a city linked to Rome by treaty), entirely independent
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Athens
Athens (Gk. Athḗnai)The most famous of all Greek cities, named for the Greek goddess of wisdom, Athena. Athens imparted to the Western world influential and lasting ideas about art, philosophy, and politics. While occupation on the slopes of the Acropolis, the rocky mass that is Athens’ most prominent
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Athens
Athens [ăthˊĭnz] (Gk. Athēnai).† The capital city of the district of Attica in ancient times and the capital of modern Greece. It was probably named after the patron goddess Athena.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Athens, Paul AT
Athens, paul atChapter 17 of the Acts of the Apostles preserves a speech of Paul in a city traditionally associated with pagan learning. This speech, uniquely constructed to address the historical situation, is also in harmony with Paul’s letters, though this has been challenged and is a matter of continuing
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Athens
ATHENS The chief city of Greece and one of the foremost centers of learning and culture in the ancient world. By the first century a.d., the once great city had lost virtually all of its political importance, owing to the supremacy of the Roman Empire. Nevertheless it retained its great reputation for
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