Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Syrian goddess worshiped at Carnaim (2 Macc 12:26; Josephus Antiquities 12.8.4). Also known in the Old Testament as Ashteroth-Karnaim.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ATARGATIS (DEITY). A goddess worshiped in Syria in Hellenistic and later times. Her principal cult center was the city Hierapolis-Bambyke in Syria (modern Membidj), NE of Aleppo. The Hieropolitan temple dedicated to the Dea Syria (as Atargatis was widely known) was described with tongue-in-cheek credulity
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Atargatis ə-tärʹgə-tis [GK. Atargatis (2 Macc. 12:26), transliterating Heb. ‘tr‘th; the shortened form tr‘th yields GK. Derketō, “Derceto”]. The great goddess of the Arameans, consort of Hadad, called the “Syrian goddess” by the Greeks and Romans. Knowledge of her cult is obtained in part from Lucian
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Atargatis (Gk. Atargatis)A Syrian goddess probably a composite of the Canaanite goddesses Astart, Anat, and Asherah. Her images usually depict her riding or flanked by lions; her consort, Hadad, is enthroned on or flanked by bulls. She is connected to fish and sacred ponds, both of which appear in her
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Atargatis [ə tärˊgə tĭs] (Gk. Atargatis; abbreviation of Heb. tr˓th; Gk. Derketō “Derceto”). A great Aramean goddess, the consort of Hadad, whose attributes are comparable to those of the Phoenician Astarte or Ashtoreth. She is often depicted as holding a sheaf of grain Hierapolis (northeast
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
ATARGATIS ἈταργατῖςI. The goddess Atargatis does not occur in the Bible, but her sanctuary, an Atargateion, is mentioned in 2 Macc 12:26. It was situated near Qarnaim, present day Sheich Saʿad 4 km north of Ashtarot-Qarnaim in the Hauran (cf. 1 Macc 5:42–44; 2 Macc 12:21–23; M. C. Astour, Ashteroth-Karnaim,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ATARGATIS<a-tar’-ga-tis> ([ ʼΑταργάτις, Atargatis]; the Revised Version (British and American) wrongly ATERGATIS): Is stated in 2 Macc 12:26 to have been worshipped at Karnion, the Ashtaroth-Karnaim of the Old Testament (compare Ant, XII, viii, 4). The name is found on coins of Membij as עתר־עתה
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Atargatis uh-tahr′guh-tis (Ἀταργατῖς, from Aram. עתרעתה, a juxtaposition of the names of two goddesses, ʿAtar and ʿAtah [=ʿAnat]). Also known as Derceto (Derketō, Strabo Geogr. 16.4.27; cf. Diodorus Siculus Bibl. Hist. 2.4.2–3). A Syrian goddess of fertility whose temple at Carnaim in Gilead is mentioned
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
ATARGATIS, a-tärʹga-tis (Ἀταργάτις, Atargátis; RV wrongly ATERGATIS): Is stated in 2 Mace 12:26 to have been worshipped at Karnion, the Ashtaroth-Karnaim of the OT (cf Ant, XII, viii, 4). The name is found on coins of Membij as עתר־עתה, ‛atar-‛atah, where ‘Atar (i.e. Ashtoreth) is identified with the
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ATARGATIS uh-tahr´guh-tis atargatis [Ἀτάργατις Atargatis]. While not mentioned in the Bible, Atargatis was a well-known goddess in Syria, Palestine, and beyond in the Hellenistic period. Her name is Semitic, a juxtaposition of the old Canaanite deities ASTARTE and ANATH. The god HADAD was her consort.