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Assyrians
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Asshur, Son of Shem
Asshur, Son of Shem (אַשּׁוּר‎, ashshur). Ancestor of the Assyrians according to the Table of Nations (Gen 10:22; 1 Chr 1:17).
Shalmaneser I
Shalmaneser I (שַׁלְמַנְאֶסֶר‎, shalman'eser). Ruler of Assyria (ca. 1274–1245 bc) during the Middle Assyrian period. He was the son of Adad-nirari I (r. ca. 1308–1275 bc) and the father of Tukulti-Ninurta I (r. ca. 1244–1208 bc).Shalmaneser I built palaces at Asshur and Nineveh, built up Calah (Gen
Shalmaneser II
Shalmaneser II (שַׁלְמַנְאֶסֶר‎, shalman'eser). Ruler of Assyria (r. ca. 1030–1019 bc) during the Middle Assyrian period. He was the son of Ashurnasirpal I (r. ca. 1050–1032 bc) and the father of Ashur-nirari IV (r. ca. 1019–1013 bc).Shalmaneser II should not be confused with Shalmaneser III (r. 859–824
Shalmaneser III
Shalmaneser III (שַׁלְמַנְאֶסֶר‎, shalman'eser). Ruler of Assyria (859–824 bc) during a period of significant Assyrian expansion. While not mentioned in Scripture, Shalmaneser III directly affected three biblical rulers, Ahab, Jehu, and Hazael, through his military campaigns in the region.
Shalmaneser IV
Shalmaneser IV (שַׁלְמַנְאֶסֶר‎, shalman'eser). Ruler of Assyria (r. 783–773 bc) during the Neo-Assyrian period. He was the son of Adad-nirari III (r. 811–783 bc) and the brother of Ashur-Dan III (r. 773–755 bc).
Shalmaneser V
Shalmaneser V (לְמַנְאֶסֶרשַׁ‎, leman'esersha). King of Assyria from 727–722 bc. Responsible for the siege of Samaria and possibly the exile of the northern kingdom of Israel to Assyria.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Asshur (Person)
ASSHUR (PERSON) [Heb ʾaššûr (אַשּׁוּר)]. One of the sons of Shem and the eponymous ancestor of the Assyrians (Gen 10:22; 1 Chr 1:17). There is debate over whether the reference to Asshur in Gen 10:11–12, which follows vv 8–10 in which Nimrod is associated with the cities of Babylon, Erech, and Accad
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Assyria, Assyrians
Assyria, Assyrians. Ancient empire considered the symbol of terror and tyranny in the Near East for more than three centuries. Assyria received its name from the tiny city-state Asshur, on the western bank of the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). The city was the seat of worship of
Asshur (Person)
Asshur (Person). Hebrew word of uncertain meaning, appearing in English translations of the Bible as Assyria, Assyrian, Assyrians, or merely “Asshur.” These variants come from the Assyrian word asshur.1. kjv translation of the word for Assyria in Genesis 10:11. It is improperly translated as a person,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Assyrians
Assyrians ə-sirʹē-ənz [Heb. ’aššûr]. The people of Assyria. In Hebrew the name of the people is the same as that of the country. See Assyria.
Shalmaneser
1. Shalmaneser I (1274–1245 b.c.), son of Adadnirari I, left the first detailed accounts of military operations by Assyrian kings (cf. ARAB, I, §§ 112–148; CAH, II/2 [3rd ed 1975], 279–284). In the days of Adadnirari (1307–1275), Shalmaneser, and Tukulti-Ninurta I (1244–1208), Assyria became a major
Shalmaneser
2. Shalmaneser II (1031–1020 b.c.), son of Assurnasirpal I, (1050–1032) and grandson of Šamši-Adad IV (1054–1051), left very few inscriptions (cf. ARAB, I, §§ 346f). The 10th and 9th cents were a period of weakness of the Assyrians and growth of Aramean power.
Shalmaneser
3. Shalmaneser III (858–824 b.c.), son of Ashurnasirpal II (884–859), grandson of Tukulti-Ninurta II (889–884), was one of the founders of the Assyrian empire. He was faced with opposition on the north, west, and south fronts, and finally, in his closing years, with civil insurrection. He left detailed
Shalmaneser
4. Shalmaneser IV (782–772 b.c.), son of Adadnirari III. What little is known of this king comes from the annals of Argistis I, king of Urartu. The Assyrian empire was at one of its low points, and Urartu was experiencing a new vigor. Shalmaneser fought campaigns against Urartu in every year from 781
Shalmaneser
5. Shalmaneser V (727–722 b.c.), son of Tiglath-pileser III. Records from this king consist of a cylinder fragment recording the repair of the temple of Ezida in Borsippa (cf. ARAB, I, §§ 828–830).Josephus cites a passage from Menander’s annals, supposedly a translation of the Tyrian archives, concerning
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Assyria, Assyrians
ASSYRIA, ASSYRIANS Ancient empire considered the symbol of terror and tyranny in the Near East for more than three centuries. Assyria received its name from the tiny city-state Asshur, on the western bank of the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). The city was the seat of worship of the
Asshur
ASSHUR Uncertain translation of a Hebrew word, appearing in English translations of the Bible as Assyria, Assyrian, Assyrians, or merely “Asshur.” These variants come from the Assyrian word asshur.1. kjv translation of the word for Assyria in Genesis 10:11. It is improperly translated as a person and
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Shalmaneser
Shalmaneser (shal´muh-nee´zuhr), the name of several Assyrian kings, two of which are important for the history of ancient Israel.1 Shalmaneser III, the son of Ashurnasirpal II and king of Assyria 858–824 bce. Though not mentioned in the Bible, two contacts with kings of Israel are recorded in his royal
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Asshur
ASSHUR, ASSUR1. A son of Shem (Gen 10:22; 1 Chr 1:17) from whom the Assyrians were descended. The name appears in Gen 10:11 (KJV) as if it were the name of a person, but the verse should be rendered as in the RSV: “From that land he (Nimrod, vv. 8–10) went into Assyria, and built Nineveh.”2. The land
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Asshur
Asshur (Heb. ʾaššûr) (PERSON)One of the sons of Shem; eponymous ancestor of the Assyrians (Gen. 10:22; 1 Chr. 1:17).
Shalmaneser
Shalmaneser (Heb. šalmanʾeser; Akk. šulmānu-ašarid)1. Shalmaneser I, king of Assyria 1274–1245 b.c.e.; son of Adad-nirari I. He conquered Hanigalbat (the remnant of Mitanni), deporting its populace, and subdued the formative confederation of Urartu. Kalhu (biblical Calah) was founded during his
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Asshur (Person)
ASSHUR [ăshˊər] (Heb. ˒aššûr). (PERSON). One of the sons of Shem and the eponymous ancestor of the Assyrians (Gen. 10:22; 1 Chr. 1:17).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ashur
Ash´ur (black), the posthumous son of Hezron by his wife Abiah. 1 Chron. 2:24; 4:5. He became “father” or founder of the town of Tekoa. (b.c. 1658.)
Asshur
As´shur, second son of Shem, Gen. 10:22; also the Hebrew form for Assyria. [Assyria.]
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Asshur
AS´SHUR (ash-ur; a “step”). The second named of the sons of Shem (Gen. 10:22; 1 Chron. 1:17). His descendants peopled the land of Assyria. The name also appears in the KJV of Gen. 10:11, but the verse should be rendered, “From that land he went forth into Assyria” (so NASB and NIV).
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Asshur
Asshursecond son of Shem (Gen. 10:22; 1 Chr. 1:17). He went from the land of Shinar and built Nineveh, etc. (Gen. 10:11, 12). He probably gave his name to Assyria, which is the usual translation of the word, although the form Asshur is sometimes retained (Num. 24:22, 24; Ezek. 27:23, etc.). In Gen.