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Asshur (Deity)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also Ashur (אשׁור‎, 'shwr) or Assur (אסר‎, 'sr). Asshur was the chief god of the Assyrians and the namesake of the city of Ashur. The god Asshur is never directly mentioned in the Bible; however, his name is the theophoric aspect of the name of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon (אֵסַר־חַדֹּן‎, esar-chaddon, “Asshur has given a brother”; HALOT 1.76) in 2 Kgs 19:37; Ezra 4:2; and Isa 37:38.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Asshur of the Assyrians
Asshur, Assyrian Deity Also Ashur (אשׁור‎, 'shwr) or Assur (אסר‎, 'sr). Asshur was the chief god of the Assyrians and the namesake of the city of Ashur. The god Asshur is never directly mentioned in the Bible; however, his name is the theophoric aspect of the name of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon (אֵסַר־חַדֹּן‎,
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Asshur (Person)
Asshur (Person). Hebrew word of uncertain meaning, appearing in English translations of the Bible as Assyria, Assyrian, Assyrians, or merely “Asshur.” These variants come from the Assyrian word asshur.1. kjv translation of the word for Assyria in Genesis 10:11. It is improperly translated as a person,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Asshur
Asshur ashʹər [Heb. ’aššûr]. The name for the people or nation of Assyria, or the city that was sometimes the capital. It is also the name of the national god (spelled Ashur in this encyclopedia), forms of which appear in the names of rulers, e.g., Esarhaddon and Ashurbanipal (possibly the Osnappar
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Asshur
ASSHUR Uncertain translation of a Hebrew word, appearing in English translations of the Bible as Assyria, Assyrian, Assyrians, or merely “Asshur.” These variants come from the Assyrian word asshur.1. kjv translation of the word for Assyria in Genesis 10:11. It is improperly translated as a person and
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Assur
Assur (Heb. ʾaššûr; Akk. aššur) (DEITY)The Assyrian national deity and head of the pantheon; principally a god of war, kingship, and royal ideology. His name is identified with the city, and from it the names Assyria and the Assyrians derive. Assur may have been a local tribal deity with no original
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Assur (Deity)
ASSUR [ăshˊər] (Heb. ˒aššûr; Akk. Aššur) (DEITY). The main Assyrian deity, after whom the city of Assur, Assyria, and the Assyrians are named; his name occurs in personal names such as Assurbanipal and Esarhaddon. Originally the local god of the city Assur, his name first appears as A-šur
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Assur
ASSUR אשׁור‎ / אסרI. Assur occurs in the OT as a person, the second son of →Shem in the table of nations (Gen 10:22), as a people or world power, and as the land of Assyria. While the concept of the power may have been sometimes subsumed in the concept of the deity, the only certain attestation of the
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Asshur
ASSHUR [AS shoor] — the name of a people, a man, and a foreign god:1. A word denoting Assyria, a city of Assyria, or the Assyrians as a people (Gen. 10:11; Num. 24:22, 24; Ezra 4:2; Assur, KJV).2. A descendant of Shem (1 Chr. 1:17). He is regarded as the ancestor of the Assyrians.3. The chief god
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Asshur
Asshur [ash-er] (1) a son of Shem; eponymous ancestor of the Assyrians (Gen. 10:22) (2) the chief Assyrian god; the name is incorporated into many Assyrian names, including Esarhaddon and Ashurbanipal; not mentioned by name in the Bible
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ASSHUR
ASSHUR ashur [אַשּׁוּרʾashur]. 1. Shem’s second son (Gen 10:22) is the eponymous ancestor of Assyria.2. A place located in modern Iraq, the ancient city of Asshur grew first into a nation and then into the Assyrian empire. See ASSYRIA AND BABYLONIA.3. The patron god of Assyria does not appear in the