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Asmodeus
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A demon responsible for killing seven husbands of Sarah, daughter of Raguel. The demon killed the men on their wedding night before the marriage could be consummated (Tobit 3:7–9). Tobias, son of Tobit, eventually marries Sarah and succeeds in driving away Asmodeus using the smell of burning fish heart and liver (Tobit 6:17–18; 8:1–3). The angel Raphael then captures and binds the demon (Tobit 8:3).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Asmodeus
Asmodeus (אַשׁמְדַי‎, ashmday; Ἀσμοδαι̂ος, Asmodaios). A demon responsible for killing seven husbands of Sarah, daughter of Raguel. The demon killed the men on their wedding night before the marriage could be consummated (Tobit 3:7–9). Tobias, son of Tobit, eventually marries Sarah and succeeds in driving
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Asmodeus
ASMODEUS [Gk Asmodaios (Ἀσμοδαιος)]. The name of the evil demon that killed the first 7 husbands of Sarah, the daughter of Raguel, each on their wedding night in the apocryphal story of Tobit (Tob 3:8). When Tobit’s son Tobias was married to Sarah, however, by following the advice of the angel Raphael
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Asmodeus
Asmodeus az-mō-dēʹəs [Heb. ’ašmeḏay; Gk. Asmodaios]; NEB ASMODAEUS. An evil spirit figuring in the apocryphal book of Tobit. The name is probably derived from Heb. šāmaḏ, “destroy”; and it may be related as well to the Persian Aesma Daeva, or spirit of lust, of Zoroastrianism. In Jewish tradition
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Asmodeus
ASMODEUS An evil demon and jealous lover in the story of Tobit (Tb 3:8). In the story, Sarah, only daughter of Raguel of Ecbatana, lost seven husbands to Asmodeus on seven different wedding nights. She remained in a state of deep grief until Tobit’s son Tobias married her and, through the advice of the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Asmodeus
Asmodeus (Gk. Asmodaɩ́os)A demon in the book of Tobit who kills Sarah’s husbands on her wedding night. According to one Greek recension of Tobit, Asmodeus is motivated by jealousy (4QToba 6:15, “because he loves her”), but he could also be acting simply out of malice. In the Testament of Solomon (1st–
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Asmodeus
Asmodeus [ăzˊmō dēˊəs] (Gk. Asmodaios). An evil spirit (Gk. daimónion) mentioned in the apocryphal book of Tobit. In love with Sarah, he killed each of her seven successive husbands. The angel Raphael showed Tobit’s son Tobias a way to avoid a similar fate (6:15–18), which the bridegroom (Sarah’s
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Asmodeus
ASMODEUS ἈσμοδαῖοςI. The etymology of the name Asmodeus is not beyond any doubt but it is most plausibly derived from the Avestan words aēšma-and daēuua or their Middle Persian (Pahlavi) compound cognate xēšm-dēw, both meaning ‘demon of wrath’. As Talmudic texts sometimes give the form אשׁמדאי
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Asmodeus
ASMODEUS The name of the demon mentioned in Tob 3:8. According to Tobit, the virgin Sarah, daughter of Raguel, had been married seven times, but “the evil demon Asmodeus had slain each of [her husbands] before he had been with her as his wife.” The pious youth Tobias followed the instructions of the
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ASMODAEUS
ASMODAEUS<az-mo-de’-us> ( אַשׁמְדַי‎ [’ashmedhai]; [ ʼΑσμοδαι̂ος, Asmodaios]): An evil spirit first mentioned in Tobit 3:8. Older etymologists derived the name from the Hebrew verb [shamadh], “destroy”; but it is now generally held to be associated with Zoroastrianism, with which the Jews became
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Asmodeus (1)
Asmode′us [the destroyer]. The demon of vanity and dress, called in the Talmud “the king of devils.”The Asmode′us of domestic peace (in the Book of Tobit). Asmode′us falls in love with Sara, daughter of Rag′uel, and causes the death of seven husbands in succession, each on his bridal night. After her
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Asmodeus
Asmodeus (from the Hebr. samad, destroyer).—Demon of which there is mention in the Book of Tobias and in the Talmud. The Rabbis call him “the prince of demons.” He is generally looked upon as the demon of licentiousness.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Asmodeus
Asmodeus az′moh-dee′uhs (Ασμοδαιος, perhaps from Pers. Aesma Daeva, the Zoroastrian wrath demon). Also Asmodaeus. An evil spirit who plays an important role in the book of Tobit. According to the account he fell in love with Sarah, the only daughter of Raguel of Ecbatana, and slew her seven successive
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