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Ashurbanipal
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The king of Assyria (r. 668–627 bc). The son and successor of Esarhaddon. His grandfather, Sennacherib, and his father, Esarhaddon, are both mentioned in the biblical narrative (2 Kgs 19:36–37), but there is no clear reference to Ashurbanipal in the Bible. He may be mentioned once as Osnappar (Ezra 4:10). Manasseh and Josiah were kings of Judah during Ashurbanipal’s reign. Based on 2 Chronicles 33:10–13, it is likely that Manasseh was a vassal of Assyria under Esarhaddon and Ashurbanipal. Ashurbanipal collected and commissioned copies of religious texts, historical records, and literary texts. When his library was discovered in Nineveh in the 19th century, it contained thousands of clay tablets preserving information about his reign and about the history, literature, and religion of Assyria and Babylonia.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ashurbanipal
Ashurbanipal The king of Assyria (r. 668–627 bc). The son and successor of Esarhaddon. His grandfather, Sennacherib, and his father, Esarhaddon, are both mentioned in the biblical narrative (2 Kgs 19:36–37), but there is no clear reference to Ashurbanipal in the Bible. He may be mentioned once as Osnappar
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ashurbanipal (Person)
ASHURBANIPAL (PERSON). The last great king of Assyria, who ruled from 668–627 b.c. (see MESOPOTAMIA, HISTORY OF for a more complete discussion of his reign). The Assyrian form of his name, Aššur-bāni-apli, means “the god Ashur is the creator of an heir.” Although Ashurbanipal exercised control over
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ashurbanipal
Ashurbanipal. Esar-haddon’s son and the Assyrian ruler (669–633 bc) who reigned in the years during which kings Manasseh, Amon, and Josiah governed the southern kingdom of Judah. The northern kingdom of Israel, whose capital was Samaria, had fallen in 722 bc to another powerful Assyrian ruler, Sargon
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ashurbanipal
Ashurbanipal ash-ər-banʹi-pal [Assyr aššur-bāni-apli—‘Ashur (is) creating an heir’]. The last great king of Assyria, 668–626 (?) b.c., son of Esarhaddon.Before Esarhaddon set out on his last campaign against Egypt, he named Ashurbanipal as crown prince of Assyria, and Šamaš-šum-ukīn, another
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ashurbanipal
ASHURBANIPAL Esarhaddon’s son and the Assyrian ruler (669–633 bc) who reigned in the years during which kings Manasseh, Amon, and Josiah governed the southern kingdom of Judah. The northern kingdom of Israel, whose capital was Samaria, had fallen in 722 bc to another powerful Assyrian ruler, Sargon II.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ashurbanipal
ASHURBANIPAL. The last of the great kings of Assyria (668–626 b.c.). The Assyrian Empire was supreme by this time, but this supremacy had to be maintained by the constant strong arm of the military to keep down revolts. Though not without military ability, Ashurbanipal appears to have had more interest
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ashurbanipal
ASHURBANIPAL (Assyr. Aššur-bān-apli, ‘Ashur has made a son’). He was created crown prince in May 672 bc by his father Esarhaddon whom he succeeded in 669 bc as king of *Assyria. Early in his reign he warred against Egypt, where he captured *Thebes in 663 bc (cf. Na. 3:8), and to hold this distant
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Assurbanipal
Assurbanipal (Akk. Aššur-bāni-apli)The last of the great Assyrian kings (668–627 b.c.e.). Esarhaddon appointed his son Assurbanipal heir apparent during his reign, probably as a result of the trauma experienced upon his own succession. The Assyrian vassals swore their loyalty to Assurbanipal as king
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Assurbanipal
Assurbanipal [ăshˊər bănˊə pəl] (Akk. aššur-bāni-apli “Assur is creating an heir”). † The last great king of Assyria (668–626[?] B.C.); son of Esarhaddon.Continuing his father’s plan of conquering Egypt, Assurbanipal penetrated that country as far south as Thebes, which he destroyed in 663
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Ashurbanipal
ASHURBAN´IPAL (a-shūr-banʹi-pal; Assyr. “Ashur creates a son”). Called also Osnappar (which see; the name is sometimes given as Asnappar), Ashurbanipal was the grandson of Sennacherib (705–681 b.c.), and the last great Assyrian monarch (669–626 b.c.). His father was the famous Esarhaddon. He is renowned
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Ashurbanipal
ASHURBANIPAL [a shoor BAN ih pal] (Asshur is creating an heir) — the last of the great kings of Assyria (668–626 b.c.). He was the son and successor of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon. Most scholars now identify him with the “great and noble” Osnapper of Ezra 4:10. Apparently, Ashurbanipal was the monarch
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ASHURBANIPAL
ASHURBANIPAL<a-shoor-ba’-ne-pal> ([Ashur-bani-apal], “Ashur creates a son”): Before setting out on his last campaign to Egypt, Esarhaddon king of Assyria doubtless having had some premonition that his days were numbered, caused his son Ashurbanipal to be acknowledged the crown prince of Assyria (668