The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ashtoreth (עַשְׁתֹּרֶת‎, ashtoreth). The Hebrew designation for the Canaanite goddess also known as Ashtart or Astarte.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ashtoreth (Deity)
ASHTORETH (DEITY) [Heb ʿaštōret (עַשְׁתֹּרֶת)]. Var. ASHTAROTH. The name by which the Canaanite goddess more commonly known as Astarte is referred to in the OT; Ashtaroth (ʿaštārôt) is the plural form of this name. Astarte was a consort of Baal, the great Canaanite storm and fertility god, and is
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ashtoreth. Pagan mother-goddess widely worshiped throughout the ancient Near East (1 Kgs 11:5, 33; 2 Kgs 23:13), also known as Astarte.See Canaanite Deities and Religion.
Ashtaroth. Plural form of Ashtoreth, a pagan fertility goddess associated in the OT with Baal (Jgs 2:13); also a center for the worship of that goddess.See Canaanite Deities and Religion.
Astarte. Pagan mother-goddess widely worshiped thoughout the ancient Near East; also known as Ashtoreth.See Canaanite Deities and Religion.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ashtoreth ash’tə-reth [Heb. ‘aštōreṯ, pl ‘aštārôṯ; Gk. Astartē]. A goddess of Canaan and Phoenicia whose name and cult were derived from Babylonia, where Ishtar represented the evening and morning stars and was accordingly androgynous in origin. Under Semitic influence, however, she became solely
Ashtaroth ash’tə-roth [Heb. ‘aštārôṯ], AV ASTAROTH as̄t̀̄ie-roth. The plural form of Ashtoreth, the Canaanite goddess of fertility, used as the name of a place in Bashan in Transjordan, possibly Ashteroth-Karnaim (Gen. 14:5), although these are best considered as two neighboring cities (LBHG, p.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ASHTORETH Pagan mother-goddess widely worshiped throughout the ancient Near East (1 Kgs 11:5, 33; 2 Kgs 23:13); also known as Astarte. See Canaanite Deities and Religion.
ASTARTE* Pagan mother-goddess widely worshiped throughout the ancient Near East; also known as Ashtoreth. See Canaanite Deities and Religion.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ASHTAROTH1. The plural form of Ashtoreth, a Canaanite goddess (Jdg 2:13; 10:6; 1 Sam 7:3–4; 12:10; 31:10). See Gods, False.2. One of two chief cities, along with Edrei (q.v.), of Og, king of Bashan (Deut 1:4; Josh 9:10; 12:4; 13:12, 31; 1 Chr 6:71; cf. Gen 14:5), located at Tell Ashtarah about 20 miles
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ashtaroth, Ashtoreth
ASHTAROTH, ASHTORETH. 1. Heb. ‘aštōreṯ, ‘aštārôṯ, a mother goddess with aspects as goddess of fertility, love and war, known to the Israelites through the Canaanites (1 Ki. 11:5). The name was common in one form or another, among many of the Semitic-speaking peoples of antiquity. In Mesopotamia
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ashtoreth (Heb. ʿaštōreṯ; Phoen. ʿštrt; Ugar. ʿṯtrt)A form of the name of the Canaanite goddess Ashtart in the OT (NRSV “Astarte”). It is a deliberate parody of the name, employing the vowels of Heb. bōšeṯ, “shame.” Ashtart is the West Semitic counterpart to Akkadian Ishtar and Sumerian Inanna
Ashtaroth (Heb. ʿaštārôṯ) (DEITY)Plural form of the name of the Canaanite goddess Ashtart (NRSV “Astarte”). It appears in the OT in the phrase “the Baalim and the Ashtaroth” (Judg. 10:6; 1 Sam. 7:4; 12:10), where it denotes either various local manifestations of Ashtart or, more likely, goddesses
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ashtoreth [ăshˊtə rĕth] (Heb. ˓aštōreṯ). The Canaanite fertility goddess, also called Ashtaroth, Astarte, or Ishtar. Heb. ˓aštōreṯ is most likely a deliberate misvocalization of the name Ashtereth or Astarte; theHebrew scribes retained the consonants ˓štrt but substituted the vowels of
Ashtaroth (Deity)
ASHTAROTH [ăshˊtə rŏth] (Heb. ˓aštārôṯ) (DEITY). The plural form of the name Ashtoreth, the Canaanite fertility goddess (NIV “Ashtoreth[s]”). For some time after the Conquest the Israelites worshipped this deity (Judg. 2:13; 10:6). Urged by Samuel to discontinue the practice, they “put away”
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Astarte; Ashtoreth
ASTARTE; ASHTORETH Fertility goddess of the Canaanites, the Sidonians (Sidon) (1 Kgs. 11:5) and the Philistines (1 Sam. 31:10, where the name appears in the plural form, Ashtaroth). Ashtoreth is the counterpart of Baal, god of storm and fertilizing rain. The Babylonians and the Assyrians knew her by
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
ASTARTE עשׁתרתI. The divine name Astarte is found in the following forms: Ug ʿṯtrt (‘Athtart[u]’); Phoen ʿštrt (‘Ashtart’); Heb ʿAštōret (singular); ʿAštārôt (generally construed as plural); Eg variously ʿsṯrt, ʿsṯrṯ, isṯrt; Gk Astartē. It is the feminine form of the masculine ʿṯtr (‘Athtar’,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ASHTORETH One of the three chief fertility goddesses revered by the Canaanites, with Anath and Asherah. The real name was Astarte; Ashtoreth (or Ashtaroth in the plural) is derived from the same Semitic word, but with the addition of the vowels of the Hebrew word bōšet, “shame” or “abomination.” She
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